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Bowdoin College Bulletin • 399 

A Bowdoin College Library a 

«§» V A 

A The * 

* Anthoensen f 

4 Collection * 

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T Given by Fred Anthoensen, *j* 

V December, 1046 V 

Named Professorships at Bowdoin College 


Josiah Little 
for whom bowdoin's oldest professorship is named 







Brunswick, Maine December 1975 Number 399 

Published by Bowdoin College four times during the year: Sep- 
tember, December, March, and June. Second-class postage paid at 
Brunswick, Maine, and at additional mailing offices. 


Preface vii 

Elizabeth Collins Professor of Natural and Revealed Religion i 

Josiah Little Professor of Natural Science 5 

Edward Little Professor 1 2 

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Professor of Modern Languages 1 8 

Valeria Stone Professor of Mental and Moral Philosophy 2 2 

Henry Winkley Professor of the Latin Language and Literature 2 5 

Daniel B. Fayerweather Professor of Political Economy and 

Sociology 3 1 

Isaac Henry Wing Professor of Mathematics 3 8 

Thomas Brackett Reed Professor of History and Political 

Science 42 

Joseph Edward Merrill Professor of the Greek Language and 

Literature 49 

Henry Leland Chapman Professor of English Literature 52 

George Taylor Files Professor of Modern Languages 56 

Frank Andrew Munsey Professor of History 59 

DeAlva Stanwood Alexander Professor of Government 63 

Henry Hill Pierce Professor of English 66 

William Nelson Cromwell Professor of Constitutional and 

International Law and Government 7 1 

Charles Weston Pickard Professor of Chemistry 74 

Henry Johnson Professor of Art and Archaeology 78 

George Lincoln Skolfield, Jr. Professor 80 

vi Contents 

Harrison King McCann Professor of Oral Communication 

within the Department of English 82 

Adams-Catlin Professor of Economics 85 

William R. Kenan, Jr. Professor 88 

Frank G. Tallman Lecture Fund 9 1 

Sources Consulted 95 

Index 96 


IN 77^ j ] antes Bowdoin III transferred to the College a "well 
secured mortgage of nearly $3,000" "with the request that it be 
used to endow a professorship of mathematics and natural and ex- 
perimental philosophy. In 1974 the William R. Kenan Charitable 
Trust gave Bowdoin $700,000 u to support and encourage a 
scholar-teacher.'''' Although the College has changed considerably 
during the 180 years that separate these gifts, one of its abiding 
concerns has been the securing of adequate support for those who 
teach at Bowdoin. 

This study focuses on named professorial chairs at Bowdoin. 
The chairs, however, do not constitute the entire record of faculty 
support. During the nineteenth century funds without any name 
attached were frequently directed for faculty support. Occa- 
sionally, restrictions, which made their use impossible in later 
times, were imposed. Some funds, especially those established in 
the early years of the College, are without an enduring record to 
trace their application. 

The James Bowdoin grant may well have provided the funds 
for the establishment in 1805 of the chair of mathematics and 
natural philosophy occupied by Parker Cleaveland. Twenty-one 
years later, Sarah Bowdoin Dearborn's bequest of $1,000 was 
directed u for the establishment of a Professorship of the French 
Language.'''' That may have been the real starting point for a chair 
named in 1876 for Bowdoin' s first professor of modem languages, 
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. A chair in Greek, established at 
least as early as 1 845 as the Professorship of Ancient Languages, 
received initial funding in the amount of $20,000 from donors 
today unknown. Income is still generated from this fund, though 
there is presently no functioning chair. 


viii Preface 

In the pages that follow, the origins of Bowdoin's named pro- 
fessorships are described and brief biographical sketches of the 
chairholders are included. The illustrious achievements of these 
men and women have served to underscore the importance which 
Librarian George T. Little of the Class of 1877 ascribed to the 
oldest of the chairs, the Josiah Little Professorship of Natural 
Science: "This professorship was the substantial beginning of a 
series of testamentary gifts . . . which have been and must continue 
to be a most essential factor in the maintenance of the efficiency 
and prosperity of the institution.'''' 

Roger Howell, Jr. 


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Elizabeth Collins 
Professor of Natural and Revealed Religion 

Established 1 847— Dissolved 1908 

IN 1847 a chair of natural and revealed religion was created 
with funds coming as the result of a declaration that Bowdoin 
had been and currently was "of the Orthodox Congregational 
denomination." About $70,000 was given, the largest gift coming 
from one Elizabeth Collins of New Jersey. 

The Collins professorship, as it was named, provided for an in- 
structor of religion, an ordained Congregational minister who 
would also act as a confidant to students and be free of any obliga- 
tion to share information about them. He was, however, obligated 
to "impress upon their minds the truths of the Gospel." 

Although a sincere attempt to create a nonacademic faculty 
adviser to students, the terms of the Collins professorship made 
its survival impossible. As President Hyde observed, "The pre- 
cise terms . . . are such as would defeat the very end which 
the founders of the Professorship had most at heart." In 1908 the 
Supreme Judicial Court of Maine held that the conditions of the 
professorship were "impracticable" and that Bowdoin could use 
the income of the fund to support the YMCA, the First Parish 
Church of Brunswick, and the College's chapel program. 

Collins Professors 


Calvin Ellis Stowe 

b. Natick MA 26 April 1802. m. Eliza Tyler 1832. m. Harriet Bee- 
cher 6 Jan. 1836. ch.: Eliza, Harriet, Henry, Charles, Frederick, 
Georgiana, Samuel, d. Hartford CT 22 Aug. 1886. 

2 Named Professor ships at Bowdoin College 

Education: A.B. Bowdoin 1824, graduated Andover Theological 
Seminary 1828. 

Career History: Instructor, Andover Theological Seminary 1828- 
30; professor, Latin and Greek, Dartmouth 1831-33; professor, bibli- 
cal literature, Lane Theological Seminary Cincinnati OH 1833-50; 
Collins Professor of Natural and Revealed Religion, Bowdoin 1850- 
52; professor, sacred literature, Andover Theological Seminary 1852- 
64; author, Hartford CT 1864-86. 

Career-Related Activities: Member, Commission for the Revi- 
sion of the English Bible 1872-84. 

Honors: A.M. Bowdoin 1827; D.D. Indiana University 1837, also 
Dartmouth 1839. 

Publications: Author, Introduction to the Criticism and Interpre- 
tation of the Bible (1835), Report on Elementary Instruction in Eu- 
rope (1837), Origin and History of the Books of the Bible (1867); 
translator, editor. 



b. East Machias ME 15 Aug. 18 17. m. Elizabeth Anthony Brayton 2 
Jan. 1845; three children, d. Somerset MA 16 June 1887. 

Education: A.B. Amherst 1836, also A.M. 1839. 

Career History: Clergyman Exeter NH 1845-47, 1849-52; Col- 
lins Professor of Natural and Revealed Religion, Bowdoin 1852-55; 
professor ecclesiastical history, Union Theological Seminary 1855— 
80, president 1880-87. 

Career-Related Activities: Editor, American Theological Re- 
view 1863-70; president, Palestine Exploration Society 1871; elected 
life trustee, Amherst 1 869. 

Honors: D.D. Bowdoin 1855, also University of Edinburgh 1884; 
LL.D. Williams 1873, also Harvard 1886. 

Publications: Author, The Eternal Atonement (1888), The Life, 
Writings, and Character of Edward Robinson (1863), Hitchcock's 
New and Complete Analysis of the Holy Bible (1870), Hymns and 
Songs of Praise (1874), Socialism (1879), The Teachings of the 
Twelve Apostles (1884), Cormina Sanctorum (1886). 

Collins Professors 3 


Egbert Coffin Smyth 

b. Brunswick ME 24 Aug. 1829. m. Elizabeth Bradford 12 Aug. 1857. 
d. Andover MA 12 April 1904. 

Education: A.B. Bowdoin 1848, graduated Bangor Theological 
Seminary 1853. 

Career History: Teacher, Farmington NH 1848-49; tutor, Greek, 
Bowdoin 1849-51, professor, rhetoric and oratory 1854-56, Collins 
Professor of Natural and Revealed Religion 1856-63; professor, ec- 
clesiastical history, Andover Theological Seminary 1 863-1904, presi- 
dent 1878-96. 

Career-Related Activities: Overseer, Bowdoin 1874-77, trustee 
1 877-1904; trustee, Dummer and Abbott academies; cofounder An- 
dover Review 1884. 

Honors: A.M. Bowdoin 1853, also D.D. 1866, LL.D. 1902; D.D. 
Harvard 1886. 

Publications: Value of the Study of Church History in Ministerial 
Education (1874), Recent Excavations in Ancient Christian Ceme- 
teries (1882),, Progressive Orthodoxy (1886), The Divinity of Jesus 
Christ (1893); contributor, translator. 

I 864-I 884 
Alpheas Spring Packard 

b. Chelmsford MA 23 Dec. 1798. m. Frances Appleton 1827; five 
children, m. Caroline Bartelles McLellan 1 844; one child, d. Squirrel 
Island ME 13 July 1884. 

Education: A.B. Bowdoin 18 16. 

Career History: Teacher 18 16-19; tu tor, languages and mathe- 
matics, Bowdoin 1819-22, languages and metaphysics 1822-24, pro- 
fessor, languages and classical literature 1824-42, rhetoric and oratory 
and classical literature 1 842-45, ancient languages and classical litera- 
ture 1845-65, Collins Professor of Natural and Revealed Religion 
1864-84, librarian 1869-81, acting president 1883-84. 

Honors: A.M. Bowdoin 18 19, also D.D. i860. 

4 Named Professorships at Bowdoin College 

Publications: History of Bowdoin College (with Nehemiah 
Cleaveland 1882); editor, Xenophon's Memorabilia of Socrates, with 
English Notes (1839). 

1890— 1908 
Frank Edward Woodruff 

b. Eden VT 20 March 1855. m. Ellen Eliza Hamilton 11 Jan. 1883. 
ch.: John, Robert, Edith, d. Brunswick ME 19 Nov. 1922. 

Education: A.B. University of Vermont 1875, also A.M. 1878; 
studied Union Theological Seminary 1878-81, University of Berlin 
1881-82, American School of Classical Studies Athens Greece 

Career History: Professor, sacred literature, Andover Theologi- 
cal Seminary 1883-87, Greek 1 887-1909; Collins Professor of Nat- 
ural and Revealed Religion, Bowdoin 1 890-1 908, Joseph E. Merrill 
Professor of Greek Language and Literature 1909-22; lecturer, Greek 
literature, Bangor Theological Seminary 1905, 1908, 19 10. 

Career-Related Activities: Representative, Maine Legislature 
1921-22; superintendent of schools, Brunswick ME 1900-04; execu- 
tive committee, Maine Association of Colleges and Preparatory 
Schools; Bowdoin representative, Commission of New England Col- 
leges and Preparatory Schools; member, Archaeological Institute, 
American Philological Association; trustee, American School of Clas- 
sical Studies. 

Honors: Phi Beta Kappa. 

Publications: Author, Greek Prose Composition (1891), New 
Greek Prose Composition (1905), Pastoral Epistles; contributor, ar- 
ticles on the classics to academic journals. 

Josiah Little 
Professor of Natural Science 

Established 1864 

JOSIAH LITTLE was born in Newbury, Massachusetts, in 
1 79 1. His grandfather, Moses Little, had commanded a regi- 
ment at Bunker Hill during the Revolutionary War and his father, 
Colonel Josiah Little, owned extensive tracts of land in what was 
to become the state of Maine. Along the Androscoggin River, 
Colonel Little cut his own timber and personally supervised the 
blasting of rapids. The loss of a hand was the price he paid to help 
move lumber economically downriver. 

His son Josiah graduated from Bowdoin in the Class of 181 1, 
studied law (but did not practice it), and after residing in Ver- 
mont for several years, returned to Newburyport. He served for 
two years in the legislature and founded the Newburyport Public 
Library. He also carried on the Little family tradition of land 
ownership and, like his father, was a leading citizen of the town 
in his last years. In their History of Bowdoin College (1882), 
Cleaveland and Packard wrote, "There are more active and more 
noisy, but there are few better citizens than Mr. Little." 

From 1847 to 1859 he was a Bowdoin Overseer. When he died 
in i860, Little left to Bowdoin a bequest to establish a fund for 
the promotion of practical sciences. It is believed that he had 
hoped for the creation of an independent science department at 
the College similar to the Maine State College or the Sheffield 
Scientific School at Yale, but conditions of the gift, described by 
the Governing Boards as a "liberal benefaction," did not restrict 
its application. 

Over the years, descendants of the Little family have attended 
and contributed to the College. One of the recent holders of the 
Josiah Little Chair, Noel Charlton Little (1954-66), is a great- 
grandnephew of this early Bowdoin benefactor. 


6 Named Professorships at Bowdoin College 

Established by Governing Boards Vote 1-1864. Current fund 
balance: $15,066. 

Josiah Little Professors 


Cyrus Fogg Brackett 

b. Parsonsfield ME 25 June 1833. m. Alice Briggs 29 Dec. 1864. 
d. Princeton NJ 29 Jan. 191 5. 

Education: A.B. Bowdoin 1859, also A.M. 1862; A.M. Princeton 
1896; M.D. Medical School (Bowdoin) 1863; studied Harvard Medi- 
cal School 1862. 

Career History: Principal, Limerick (ME) Academy 1859-60; 
teacher, mathematics and natural science, New Hampton NH 1860- 
62; instructor, natural science, Bowdoin 1863-64, Josiah Little Pro- 
fessor of Natural Science 1864-68; professor, chemistry, zoology and 
geology 1868-69, chemistry and geology 1869-72, chemistry and 
physics 1872-73; librarian, Medical School 1864-71, lecturer, medical 
jurisprudence 1869-70; Henry Professor of Physics, Princeton 1873— 
1908, emeritus 1908-15. 

Career-Related Activities: Member, American Philosophical So- 
ciety, American Physical Society, Maine Board of Agriculture; fel- 
low, American Association for the Advancement of Science; Maine 
state assayer; honorary member, Medical Society of New Jersey; 
chairman, New Jersey Board of Health 1 888-1 908; president, New 
Jersey Health and Sanitary Commission. 

Honors: Phi Beta Kappa; LL.D. Bowdoin 1894, also Lafayette 
1883, Princeton 19 10. 

Publications: Editor, Electricity in Daily Life, Bowdoin Scientific 
Review (February 1870-September 1872); contributor; science 


George Lincoln Goodale 

b. Saco ME 3 Aug. 1839. d. Cambridge MA 12 April 1923. 

Education: A.B. Amherst i860; M.D. Medical School 1863, also 
Harvard 1863; A.M. Amherst 1866, also Bowdoin 1869. 

Josiah Little Professors 7 

Career History: Physician, Portland ME 1863-65; Josiah Little 
Professor of Natural Science and Applied Chemistry, Bowdoin 1868— 
73, professor, mineralogy and botany 1868-69; lecturer, materia 
medica and therapeutics, Medical School 1869-70, professor, materia 
medica 1870-73; lecturer, botany, Harvard 1872-73, assistant profes- 
sor, vegetable physiology 1873-78, professor, botany 1878-1909, 
emeritus 1909-23. 

Honors: LL.D. Amherst 1890, also Bowdoin 1894, Princeton 1896. 

Charles Abiathar White 

b. North Dighton MA 26 Jan. 1826. d. Washington DC 29 June 1910. 

Education: M.D. Rush Medical College 1864, A.M. Iowa College 

Career History: Iowa state geologist 1866-70; professor, geology, 
Iowa State University 1867-73; Josiah Little Professor of Natural 
Science, Bowdoin 1873-75; geologist and paleontologist, U.S. Sur- 
veys 1874-92; associate in paleontology, U.S. National Museum 

Career-Related Activities: Foreign member, Geological Society 
of London. 

Honors: LL.D. Iowa State Univ. 1893. 

Publications: Author, Geology of Iowa, Invertebrate Fossils Col- 
lected by the Geological and Geographical Explorations, Etc., West 
of the 1 ooth Meridian (1877). 

Henry Carmichael 

b. Brooklyn NY 9 March 1846. m. Annie D. Cole. d. Maiden MA 
28 Jan. 1924. 

Education: A.B. Amherst 1867, also A.M. 1870, Ph.D. Gottingen 
University 1871. 

Career History: Professor, chemistry, Iowa College 1871-73; pro- 
fessor, chemistry and physics, Bowdoin 1873-75, Josiah Little Pro- 
fessor of Natural Science 1875-78; Maine state assayer 1876; consult- 

8 Named Professorships at Boivdoin College 

ing chemist, Boston 1886; lecturer, M.I.T. 1889, 1901; inventor, 
patent expert, metallurgist; consulting chemist, Boston Rapid Transit 
Honors: Phi Beta Kappa. 


Franklin Clement Robinson 

b. East Orrington ME 24 April 1852. m. Ella Tucker 29 Aug. 1877. 
ch.: Clement F. (Bowdoin Class of 1903), DwightS. (Class of 1907), 
Arthur L. (Class of 1908). d. Portland ME 25 May 1910. 

Education: A.B. Bowdoin 1873, also A.M. 1876. 

Career History: Engineer, machinist, burnetizing mill, East Or- 
rington 1873-74; instructor, analytic chemistry, Bowdoin 1874-78, 
Josiah Little Professor of Natural Science 1 878-1910, professor, 
chemistry and mineralogy 1 881-19 10; Maine state assay er 1 877-1909. 

Career-Related Activities: Member, Maine Board of Health 
1 888-1910, American Chemical Society, Society of Chemical Indus- 
try, British Society of Chemical Industry, New England Society of 
Chemical Teachers; president, American Public Health Association 
1906; fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 
British Chemical Society; textbook writer, science writer, lecturer. 

Honors: Phi Beta Kappa, LL.D. Bowdoin 1903. 

Marshall Perley Cram 

b. Brunswick ME 1 Jan. 1882. d. Portland ME 10 Oct. 1933. 

Education: A.B. Bowdoin 1904, also A.M. 1905, Ph.D. Johns Hop- 
kins 1908. 

Career History: Assistant in chemistry, Bowdoin 1904-05, in- 
structor 1908-09, assistant professor 1 909-11, professor, chemistry, 
mineralogy, and Josiah Little Professor of Natural Science 191 1-33; 
lecturer, Medical School. 

Career-Related Activities: Member, Maine Board of Health 

Josiah Little Professors 9 

1910-18, Bowdoin Alumni Council 1927-30; fellow, English Chemical 

Honors, Memorials: Phi Beta Kappa; residence bequeathed in 
1933 has been the Alumni House since 1962. 

Manton Copeland 

b. Taunton MA 24 July 1881. m. Ruth Ripley 20 Dec. 1910. ch.: 
Preston, Frederick, Manton, Elizabeth (Mrs. John C.) Van Arsdell. 
d. Brunswick ME 22 May 1971. 

Education: B.S. Harvard 1904, also M.S. 1905, Ph.D. 1908. 

Career History: Instructor, biology, Bowdoin 1908-09, assistant 
professor 1909-10, professor 1910-47, Josiah Little Professor of 
Natural Science 1936-47, emeritus 1947-71; lecturer, embryology 
and histology, Medical School 191 2-1 3, professor 191 3-21. 

Career-Related Activities: Researcher, Woods Hole Marine 
Biological Laboratory (summers). 

Honors, Awards, Memorials: Manton Copeland Scholarship Fund 
established by friends i960, presented Alumni Award for Faculty and 
Staff 1966, student residence named in his memory 1972. 

Alfred Otto Gross 

b. Atwood IL 8 April 1883. m. Edna Gross (sic) 2 July 1913. ch.: 
William A. D. (Bowdoin Class of 1937), Louise (Mrs. Otis N.) 
Minot, Thomas A. D. (Class of 1940). d. Greenwich CT 9 May 1970. 

Education: A.B. University of Illinois 1908, Ph.D. Harvard 191 2. 

Career History: Instructor, zoology, University of Illinois 1908- 
09; research scholar, Bermuda Biological Station 1910-11; instructor, 
zoology, Harvard 1911-12; instructor, biology, embryology and his- 
tology, Bowdoin 191 2-1 3, assistant professor 191 3-21, assistant pro- 
fessor, biology 1921-22, professor 1922-53, Josiah Little Professor of 
Natural Science 1950-53, emeritus 1953-70; freelance writer, photog- 
rapher, lecturer 1953-70. 

io Named Professorships at Boivdoin College 

Career-Related Activities: Director, Bowdoin Scientific Station 
1935—53; president, New England Bird Banding Association, Massa- 
chusetts Audubon Society, Maine Audubon Society; fellow, Ameri- 
can Association for the Advancement of Science; fellow and trustee, 
American Wildlife Institute; patron and fellow, American Ornitholo- 
gists' Union; member, Arctic Institute of North America, Cooper 
Ornithological Society; ornithologist, Roosevelt Wildlife Experi- 
ment Station, Syracuse NY, Bowdoin-MacMillan Arctic Expedition; 
biologist, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; U.S. representative, Inter- 
national Ornithological Congress, Upsala (Sweden) 1950, Basel 
(Switzerland) 1954. 

Honors: Sc.D. Bowdoin 1952; ornithological library established 
and named in his honor 1959. 

Publications: Editor, Zoology, Maine Naturalist, Maine Audubon 
Bulletin, Maine Field Naturalist, Florida Naturalist; science writer, 

1954— 1966 

Noel Charlton Little 

b. Brunswick ME 25 Dec. 1895. Son of George T. (Bowdoin Class 
of 1877). m. Marguerite Tschaler 8 Sept. 1923. ch.: Mary (Mrs. 
Dana) Wallace, Clifford (Class of 1946), Dana (also 1946). m. Flor- 
ence Lovejoy 31 Aug. 1972. r. Brunswick ME. 

Education: A.B. Bowdoin 19 17, A.M. Harvard 1920, also Ph.D. 
1923; studied Tubingen (Germany) 1928-29. 

Career History: Instructor, physics, Bowdoin 191 9-21, assistant 
professor 1921-26, professor 1926-66, Josiah Little Professor of Nat- 
ural Science 1954-66, emeritus 1966- ; visiting professor, physics, 
Hollins 1966-67; visiting professor, applied physics, Harvard Sum- 
mer School 1947. 

Career-Related Activities: Faculty representative, Alumni Coun- 
cil 1945-48; director, Bowdoin Summer Institutes, National Science 
Foundation grants; Maine coordinator, Atomic Development Activi- 
ties; member, solar eclipse advisory committee, Maine Department of 
Economic Development 1963, advisory committee, National Science 
Foundation 1964, American Physics Teachers, Council for Institute 
of Navigation, Experimental Unit on Guided Missiles, Maine Physi- 

Josiah Little Professors 1 1 

cists Association, Institute of Radio Engineers, American Association 
for the Advancement of Science; fellow, American Physical Society; 
consultant, Naval Ordnance; writer, lecturer. 

War Service: Served to ensign, U.S. Navy 1917-19; to commander 
1941-46, officer in charge, U.S. Navy School of Radio Engineering, 

Honors, Awards: Phi Beta Kappa, Guggenheim Fellowship 1928, 
Sc.D. Bowdoin 1967. 

1969— 1972 

Myron Alton Jeppesen 

b. Logan UT 28 Oct. 1905. m. Madeleine Caron 24 June 1939. ch.: 
Laura Stepner, Mary Hepburn, Matilda Morse, Martha Meyer, r. 
Sinclair ME. 

Education: B.S. Idaho 1930, M.S. Pennsylvania State 1932, also 
Ph.D. 1936. 

Career History: Teaching fellow, Pennsylvania State 1930-36; 
instructor, physics and mathematics, Bowdoin 1936-38, assistant pro- 
fessor 1938-46, associate professor 1946-48, professor, physics 1948- 
72, Josiah Little Professor of Natural Science 1969-72, emeritus 
1972- ; lecturer and research associate, Stanford 1947-48, visiting 
professor, physics 1948-49; research associate, University of Califor- 
nia (Berkeley) 1956-57; member, directoral staff, National Science 
Foundation 1963-64. 

Career-Related Activities: Chairman, physics sections, U.S. 
Army training Units, WWII; fellow, American Physical Society 
(past chairman, New England Section), American Association for 
the Advancement of Science, Optical Society of America; member, 
Sigma Xi, American Association of Physics Teachers; consultant, 
graduate programs, U.S. Office of Education; contributor of articles 
on optics, spectroscopy, and solid-state physics. 

Honors, Awards: Guggenheim Fellowship 1956. 

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Edward Little Professor 

Established 1874 

SQUIRE" EDWARD LITTLE, a 1797 Dartmouth graduate 
and older brother of the Josiah Little who endowed the pro- 
fessorship of that name, came to Portland from Newburyport, 
Massachusetts, in 1 8 1 1 . A fire had destroyed nearly all his prop- 
erty. In Maine's largest city he reestablished his book publishing 
business, but another disastrous fire in 1826 persuaded him to 
move to Auburn where the Little family had extensive land and 
water-power holdings. He was in his fifties when he made this 
last move of his life and was able to exert considerable influence 
on the community's growth. Although he returned to law, which 
he had practiced in Massachusetts, he was known as a quiet and 
scholarly man whose chief interest was the advancement of cul- 
ture and education. One of his first acts of benefaction in Auburn 
was the establishment of the Lewiston Falls Academy, which has 
evolved through a series of mutations into the high school which 
bears his name. 

Edward Little died in 1849. In 1874 the trustees of the Edward 
Little Institute gave $10,000 to Bowdoin to establish a professor- 
ship of mental and moral philosophy. In 1881 the trustees gave 
permission for the use of the fund to support a chair in any 
discipline, provided the name of Edward Little was attached. The 
Bowdoin Governing Boards then voted that two chairs, the Ed- 
ward Little Professor of Rhetoric and Oratory and the Edward 
Little Professor of English Language and Literature, be es- 

The principal of the fund is supplemented each year by the 
interest of the Lucy Little Fund. This fund was established by 
George T. Little of the Class of 1877, librarian and historian of 
the College (and grandson of Edward Little), to honor his 
mother, Lucy J. Bliss Little. She had been one of several persons 

Edward Little Professors 1 3 

responsible for the establishment of the Edward Little Professor- 
ship and was greatly interested in its development. 

Established by Governing Boards Vote 59-1874. Current fund 
balance: $64,092. 

Edward Little Professors 


Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain 

b. Brewer ME 8 Sept. 1828. m. Frances C. Adams 7 Dec. 1885. ch.: 
Grace (Mrs. Horace G.) Allen, Harold (Bowdoin Class of 1881). 
d. Portland ME 24 Feb. 1914. 

Education: A.B. Bowdoin 1852, also A.M. 1855; studied Bangor 
Theological Seminary 1855. 

Career History: Instructor, logic and natural theology, Bowdoin 
1855-56, professor, rhetoric and oratory 1856-61, modern languages 
1861-65, rhetoric and oratory 1865-66; governor, Maine 1867-70; 
president, Bowdoin 1871-83, Edward Little Professor of Mental and 
Moral Philosophy 1874-79, lecturer, political science and public law 
1879-85; president, Florida West Coast Improvement Co. (real 
estate) 1888-92; U.S. surveyor of customs, Portland 1900-14. 

Career-Related Activities: Trustee, Bowdoin 1867-1914, over- 
seer ex officio 1871-83; president, General Alumni Association 1867- 
72; member, U.S. Commission, Paris Exposition 1878. 

War Service: Served to major general, 20th Maine Volunteers 

Honors, Decorations, Memorials: Phi Beta Kappa; LL.D. College 
of Pennsylvania 1866, also Bowdoin 1869; Congressional Medal of 
Honor 1893; Senior Center director's residence named in his memorv 

Publications: Author, The Passing of the Armies (19 15). 


George Trumbull Ladd 

b. Painesville OH 19 Jan. 1842. m. Cornelia Ann Tallman December 
1869. d. New Haven CT 8 Aug. 1921. 

14 Named Professorships at Boivdoin College 

Education: A.B. Western Reserve 1864, graduated Andover Theo- 
logical Seminary 1869. 

Career History: Clergyman, Edinburg OH, then Milwaukee WI 
1871-79; Edward Little Professor of Mental and Moral Philosophy, 
Bowdoin 1879-80, Stone Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philoso- 
phy 1880-81; professor, moral philosophy and metaphysics, Yale 
1881-1905, emeritus 1905-21; lecturer, Japan, India 1899-1900; reli- 
gious writer. 

Honors, Awards: Phi Beta Kappa; A.M. Western Reserve 1867, 
also Yale 1881; LL.D. Western Reserve 1895, also Princeton 1896; 
awarded Order of the Rising Sun by Japanese Emperor. 

Publications: Elements of Psychological Philosophy (1887), Psy- 
chology, Descriptive and Explanatory ( 1 894), The Doctrine of Sacred 
Scripture (1883), Philosophy of the Mind (1895), A Theory of 
Reality (1899), Philosophy of Conduct (1902), The Philosophy of 
Religion (2 vols. 1905), Knowledge, Life and Reality (1909, 19 18), 
What Can I Know? (19 14), What Ought I to Do? (191 5), What 
Shoidd I Believe? (191 5), What May I Hope? (191 5), The Secret of 
Personality (191 8). 

Henry Leland Chapman 

b. Bethel ME 26 July 1845. m. Emma Smith 21 Aug. 1870. ch.: 
Henry, d. Brunswick ME 24 Feb. 191 3. 

Education: A.B. Bowdoin 1866, also A.M. 1869; studied Bangor 
Theological Seminary 1866-69. 

Career History: Tutor, Latin and mathematics, Bowdoin 1869- 
70, instructor 1870-71, assistant professor, Latin 1871-72, professor 
1872-75, rhetoric, oratory and English literature 1875-80, Edward 
Little Professor of Rhetoric, Oratory and English Literature 1880- 
97, English language and literature 1 897-1 901, English literature 
1 901-13, dean of the faculty 1883-85, acting president 1883-85. 

Career-Related Activities: Treasurer, General Alumni Associa- 
tion 1876-82, secretary 1882-86; trustee, Bangor Theological Semi- 
nary 1 885-1 91 3 (president of board 1887-1911), State Normal 
Schools 1 890-191 3, Bridgton Academy; vice president, Maine His- 
torical Society; member, Modern Language Association of America, 

Edward Little Professors 1 5 

American Philological Association; corresponding member, Colonial 
Society of Massachusetts; poet, lecturer. 

Honors: D.D. Bowdoin 1890, also LL.D. 1908. 

Wilmot Brookings Mitchell 

b. Freeport ME 24 Aug. 1867. m. Alice Merrill 26 Dec. 1882. ch.: 
Hugh (Bowdoin Class of 1919) Helen (Mrs. Loren F.) Richards, 
Esther (Mrs. Charles N.) Cutter, d. Westport CT 22 April 1962. 

Education: A.B. Bowdoin 1890, also A.M. 1907; studied Harvard 

Career History: Principal, Freeport H.S. 1890-93; instructor, 
rhetoric, Bowdoin 1893-95, x 896-97, Edward Little Professor of 
Rhetoric and Oratory 1 897-1939, emeritus 1939-62, acting dean 
1918, 1921, 1928, 1934-35. 

Career-Related Activities: Faculty member, Alumni Council 
191 5-21; trustee, Bridge Academy, Dresden Mills ME 1913-49, 
Bridgton Academy 1922-48, North Yarmouth Academy 1922-62, 
Bangor Theological Seminary. 

Honors, Memorials: Litt.D. Grinnell 1920, L.H.D. Bowdoin 
1938, also University of Maine 1944; Mitchell Debate Trophy estab- 
lished 1953; Senior Center lounge dedicated 1964; graduate scholar- 
ship established 1965. 

Publications: Author, School and College Speaker (1901), Elijah 
Kellogg: The Man and His Work (1903), Lincoln: The Man and the 
Crisis (1910), History of Education in Maine (19 19), A Remarkable 
Bowdom Decade: 1820-1830 (1952). 

Herbert Ross Brown 

b. Allentown PA 9 Feb. 1902. m. Ruth D. Raker 21 Aug. 1929. r. 
Brunswick ME. 

Education: B.S. Lafayette 1924, A.M. Harvard 1928, Ph.D. Colum- 
bia 1939. 

1 6 Named Professorships at Bowdoin College 

Career History: Instructor, English, Lafayette 1924-25; instruc- 
tor, Bowdoin 1925-29, assistant professor 1929-33, associate professor 
1933-39, professor 1939-72, Edward Little Professor of Rhetoric and 
Oratory 1949-72, emeritus 1972- ; visiting professor, American 
literature, Duke 1940, Columbia 1941, 1945, 1946, University of Min- 
nesota 1947, 1963, University of Maine 1958, Bread Loaf School of 
English 1948-56, Harvard 1968; American specialist, India 1968; 
Harris Lecturer, Bangor Theological Seminary 1973. 

Career-Related Activities: Managing editor, New England 
Quarterly 1944- ; trustee, Zeta Psi Educational Foundation, North 
Yarmouth Academy, University of Maine; corresponding editor, 
Colonial Society of Massachusetts; member, Maine Board of Educa- 
tion (past chairman), Modern Language Association of America 
(past chairman, American Literature Group), Committee on Bib- 
liography, College English Association (past chairman, New England 
Branch), English Graduate Union, American Association of Uni- 
versity Professors, American Literature Association; fellow, Ameri- 
can Academy of Arts and Sciences 1958- . 

Honors, Awards: Phi Beta Kappa; Litt.D. Lafayette 1949, also 
Bowdoin 1963, L.H.D. Bucknell 1950, LL.D. University of Maine 
1965; Alumni Award for Faculty and Staff 1968, book fund estab- 
lished 1973, Duke University Centennial Award in American Liter- 
ary History 1940, New England Society in New York Award in 
Education and Literature 1958; Brunswick Area Chamber of Com- 
merce Citizen of the Year 1971; Award, Maine State Commission on 
the Arts and Humanities 1975. 

Elected Public Service: Moderator, Town of Brunswick 1955-69. 

Publications: Author, The Sentimental Novel in America (1940), 
Bowdoin and the Common Good (1952), Sills of Bowdoin (1963); 
editor, Nathaniel Hawthorne 's The Snow Image (1933), Hannah 
Fostefs The Coquette (1939), The Heritage of American Literature 
(with L. Richardson and G. Orians 1950), Autocrat of the Breakfast 
Table (1958), The Power of Sympathy (by W. Brown 1961); con- 
tributor, American Literature, Modern Language Notes, New En- 
gland Quarterly, Dictionary of World Literature, World Books, Dic- 
tionary of Notable American Women, Encyclopaedia Britannica. 

Edward Little Professors 1 7 

James Daniel Redwine, Jr. 

b. Lexington, NC 4 Jan. 1932. m. Kate Bertles 19 Feb. 1966. ch.: 
James Daniel III. r. Brunswick ME. 

Education: A.B. Duke 1954, A.M. Columbia 1956, Ph.D. Prince- 
ton 1962. 

Career History: Instructor, English, University of Cincinnati 
1961-63, assistant professor, English, Bowdoin 1963-68, associate 
professor 1969-74, professor 1975- , Edward Little Professor of the 
English Language and Literature 1975- . 

Publications: Ben Jonson's Criticism of the Drama (1963), Ben 
J ons on 's Literary Criticism (1970). 

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 
Professor of Modern Languages 

Established 1876 

THE Longfellow Professorship began not in 1876, when it 
was so named, but in 1829 when Henry Wadsworth Long- 
fellow was selected to fill a professorship in the French language 
at Bowdoin. 

The position was made possible in 1826 when Mrs. Sarah 
Bowdoin Dearborn bequeathed $1,000 toward the establishment 
of this chair, which, Bowdoin historians agree, virtually secured 
a "prominent position . . . [for the subject French] in the College 
curriculum, and the addition to the faculty of one of its most 
honored names, Henry W. Longfellow." Longfellow taught 
modern languages and was librarian from 1829 to 1835 before 
moving to Harvard. 

Modern (or Romance) languages have been taught at Bowdoin 
since then. Funds were raised by subscription to endow the chair 
after the Governing Boards established its existence in 1876. It 
has been speculated that the designation of the chair was prompted 
by Longfellow's reading of "Morituri Salutamus" at the Com- 
mencement of 1875. Sufficient funds were solicited from the 
alumni to begin to pay an occupant in 1882, the year of Long- 
fellow's death. The greatest growth of the fund has occurred in 
the last thirty years; since 1946 the principal has increased nearly 
seven times. 

The chair is now known as the Longfellow Professorship of 
Romance Languages. 

Established by Governing Boards Vote 16-1876. Current fund 
balance: $54,128. 


Longfellow Professors 19 

Longfellow Professors 


Henry Johnson 

b. Gardiner ME 25 June 1855. m. Frances M. Robinson 26 July 1881. 
ch.: Helen Chase, Anne L. Robinson, d. Brunswick ME 7 Feb. 19 18. 

Education: A.B. Bowdoin 1874, also A.M. 1877, Ph.D. Berlin 1884; 
studied University of Gottingen 1875-76, Paris 1876-77. 

Career History: Instructor, modern languages, Bowdoin 1877- 
81, professor 1881-82, Longfellow Professor of Modern Languages 
1 882-191 8, librarian 1880-85, curator of art collections 1881-87, 
1892-1914, director, Museum of Art 1914-18. 

Career-Related Activities: Member, Maine Historical Society, 
Dante Society, Modern Language Association of America, Archaeo- 
logical Institute of America. 

Honors: Phi Beta Kappa, Litt.D. Bowdoin 19 14. 

Publications: Author, Where Beauty Is (poems 1898), The Seer 
(poems 1 9 10); editor, Schiller 's Ballads (1888), Shakespeare's A Mid- 
summer Night's Dream (1888); translator, Les Trophees, The Sonnets 
of J. M. Heredia (1910), Dante's The Divine Comedy (19 15). 

Frederic Willis Brown 

b. Concord MA 24 May 1876. m. Eleanor M. Karskaddon 18 Sept. 
1 90 1. ch.: Elizabeth Estabrook, John M. d. Brunswick ME 16 
March 1948. 

Education: A.B. Harvard 1897, also A.M. 1903, Ph.D. 1906. 

Career History: Instructor, Romance languages, Clark University 
1905-07; professor, modern languages, Bowdoin 1907-19, Longfel- 
low Professor of Modern Languages 1919-45, emeritus 1945-48. 


Charles Harold Livingston 

b. Philadelphia PA 4 July 1888. m. Francoise Ruet 17 Dec. 1943. 
d. Brunswick ME 9 April 1966. 

20 Named Professorships at Bowdoin College 

Education: A.B. Harvard iqio, also A.M. 191 6, Ph.D. 1920. 

Career History: Teacher, Hill School, Pottstown PA 191 2-1 3; 
Santa Barbara School, Carpinteria CA 191 3-14; instructor, Romance 
Languages, Harvard 19 16; assistant professor, Haverford 19 16-17; 
instructor, Harvard 1919-20; professor, modern languages, Bowdoin 
1921-22, Romance languages 1922-45, Longfellow Professor of Ro- 
mance Languages 1945-56, emeritus 1955-56. 

Career-Related Activities: Member, Modern Language Associa- 
tion, American Association of University Professors. 

War Service: Served to first lieutenant, U.S. Army 19 17-19. 

Awards and Honors: Frederick Sheldon Traveling Fellowship 
1920; Charles H. Livingston Prize in French established at Bowdoin 
1956; honorary member, Bowdoin Alumni Association 1964. 

Publications: Editor, Gliglois, A French Arthurian Romance of 
the Thirteenth Century (1932), Le Jongleur Gautier Le Leu, Etude 
sur les Fabliaux (1951), Skein-Winding Reels, Studies in Word His- 
tory and Etymology (1957), Philippe de Vigneulles'' Les Cent Nou- 
velles Nouvelles (completed by F. R. Livingston and R. H. Ivy, Jr. 
1972); contributor of about sixty articles on medieval and Renais- 
sance French language and literature. 


Edward Joseph Geary 

b. Lewiston ME 22 July 1922. m. Eleanor E. Wood 12 May 1944. 
r. South Harpswell ME. 

Education: A.B. University of Maine 1942, A.M. Columbia 1948, 
also Ph.D. 1953; studied University of Paris 1949-50. 

Career History: Teacher, Mechanic Falls (ME) H.S. 1942-43; 
graduate assistant, French, University of Maine 1946-47; instructor, 
French, Columbia 1950-53; instructor, Romance languages, Harvard 
1953-56, assistant professor 1956-61, associate professor 1961-63; 
professor, French, Cornell 1963-65; professor, Romance languages, 
Bowdoin 1965-67, Longfellow Professor of Romance Languages 
1967- , acting dean of the college 1969. 

Career-Related Activities: Member, American Association of 
Teachers of French, American Association of University Professors, 

Longfellow Professors 2 1 

Modern Language Association (Delegate Assembly 1974-76); New 
England Modern Language Association (past president), Northeast 
Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (chairman 1962); 
Teacher Qualification Testing Program, MLA 1959-60, Classroom 
Testing Project, MLA 1960-62, U.S. Government Language Testing 
Project 1962-63, French Examination Committee, College Entrance 
Examination Board 1961-64, Interviewing Committee, African Schol- 
arship Program of American Universities 1961-62; consultant, lan- 
guage textbooks, Ginn & Co. 1958-59, Harper & Row 1965; textbook 
review editor, French Review. 

War Service: Served to first sergeant, U.S. Army 1943-46. 

Honors: Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Kappa Phi, Fulbright Fellow 1949- 
50, A.M. (hon.) Harvard i960. 

Publications: Author, Solitudes: Premieres Lectures Modernes 
( 1959), A Program, of French Studies (with R. M. Chadbourne 196 1 ) ; 
editor, critical edition of Diderot's Le Neveu de Rameau (1959). 

Valeria Stone 
Professor of Mental and Moral Philosophy 

Established 1880— Dissolved 1908 

THE Stone Professorship of Mental and Moral Philosophy 
was one of two chairs established at the College in 1880. It 
was the gift of Mrs. Valeria Stone of Maiden, Massachusetts, who 
had earlier provided $25,000 to make possible the completion of 
the interior of Memorial Hall and now gave double that amount. 
Mrs. Stone was the widow of Daniel P. Stone, a Bostonian who 
had built a two-million-dollar fortune in the dry-goods business. 
She divided her husband's legacy among a number of schools 
and colleges. 

In 1907 complications developed in connection with the eligi- 
bility of the College to participate in the retirement program of 
the Carnegie Endowment for the Advancement of Teaching. 
This program called for full freedom from denominational affilia- 
tion, whereas Mrs. Stone's gift was made with a proviso that it be 
forfeited to "the Theological Department of Phillips Academy 
in Andover, Massachusetts" should not the President of the Col- 
lege, a majority of each of the two Governing Boards, and the 
Stone Professor himself be "in doctrinal and religious sympathy 
with the orthodox Congregational Churches in New England." 
The Governing Boards sought— and obtained— a release from 
Mrs. Stone's heirs in 1908, but the release was not sufficient, and 
later that year the Governing Boards sent the accumulated prin- 
cipal of the fund, some $56,000, to what is now Andover-Newton 
Theological Seminary, and the Stone Professorship ceased to 


Stone Professors 23 

Stone Professors 

George Trumbull Ladd 

Also Edward Little Professor, 1879-80. See p. 13. 


Gabriel Campbell 

b. Dalrymple, Ayrshire, Scotland 19 Aug. 1838. d. Concord NH 
18 Oct. 1923. 

Education: B.Pd. Michigan State Normal School 1861; A.B. Uni- 
versity of Michigan 1865, also A.M. 1868; B.D. Chicago Theological 
Seminary 1868. 

Career History: Professor, philosophy, University of Minnesota 
1867-80; Stone Professor of Mental and Moral Philosophy, Bowdoin 
1881-83; Stone Professor of Mental and Moral Philosophy, Dart- 
mouth 1 883-1910, emeritus 1910-23. 

War Service: Captain 17th Michigan Volunteers 1862-64. 

Honors: D.D. Dartmouth 1886, M.Pd. Michigan State Normal 
School 1890. 

Samuel Gilman Brown 

b. North Yarmouth ME 4 Jan. 18 13. m. Sarah Van Vechten Savage 
Feb. 1846; seven children, d. Utica NY 4 Nov. 1885. 

Education: A.B. Dartmouth 183 1, also A.M. 1834; studied An- 
dover Theological Seminary 1837. 

Career History: Professor, oratory and belles-lettres, Dartmouth 
1840-63, intellectual philosophy and political economy 1863-67, in- 
structor 1881-83, professor, natural and revealed religion and presi- 
dent, Hamilton College 1867-81; provisional Stone Professor of 
Mental and Moral Philosophy, Bowdoin 1883-85. 

Honors: Phi Beta Kappa, D.D. Columbia 1852, LL.D. Dartmouth 

24 Named Professorships at Boivdoin College 

Publications: Author, The Works of Rufus Choate with a Memoir 
of His Life (2 vols. 1862). 

William DeWitt Hyde 

b. Winchendon MA 23 Sept. 1858. m. Prudence Phillips 6 Nov. 
1883. ch.: William, Elizabeth, George (Bowdoin Class of 1908). 
d. Brunswick 29 June 1917. 

Education: A.B. Harvard 1879; studied Union Theological Semi- 
nary 1879-80, also Andover Theological Seminary 1882. 

Career History: Clergyman, Paterson NJ 1883-85; Stone Profes- 
sor of Mental and Moral Philosophy, Bowdoin 1 885-1908, professor, 
mental and moral philosophy 1908-17, president, trustee, overseer ex 
officio 1885-1917. 

Honors: Phi Beta Kappa; D.D. Bowdoin 1886, also Harvard 1886; 
LL.D. Syracuse 1897, ^ so Dartmouth 1909, also Bowdoin 1917. 

Publications: Author, Practical Ethics (1892), From Epicurus to 
Christ (1904, reprinted as The Five Great Philosophies of Life, 191 1), 
Self-Measurement (1908), Outlines of Social Theology (1895), Prac- 
tical Idealism (1897), God's Education of Man (1899), Jesus' Way 

Henry Winkley 
Professor of the Latin Language and Literature 

Established 1880 

FOR the last third of his life, Henry Winkley, a retired china 
importer, traveled and studied religious, social, and political 
economics. His thoughts and experience apparently convinced 
him of the benefit of religiously oriented education for he made 
gifts with religious restrictions to many American colleges, in- 
cluding Williams, Bangor Theological Seminary, Andover, Yale, 
Dartmouth, Amherst, and Bowdoin. Had it not been for a release 
authorized by a descendant of Henry Winkley in 1908, the 
Winkley Professorship of the Latin Language and Literature, 
endowed in 1880, might have been removed, as were other chairs 
which had been established with religious conditions attached. 

The professorship was established by two gifts. The first, for 
$ 10,000, was made by Winkley in 1 878 and was unrestricted as to 
purpose. Two years later he gave an additional $30,000 in re- 
sponse to a request for the creation of a professorial chair. 

In a letter dated September 2, 1880, Winkley agreed "to endow 
the Winkley Professorship of the Latin Language and Literature, 
on condition that the College adhere to the Theological teachings 
of the Orthodox Congregational or Presbyterian Church." 

Henry Winkley was born in Barrington, New Hampshire, in 
1 803. He attended district schools and Pembroke Academy. From 
a crockery store clerk job in Boston he advanced to the owner- 
ship (1831-52) of a highly successful business importing china. 
He owned stores in New York and Philadelphia. When he died 
in 1885, it was said that he had never owned land or accumulated 
material possessions, presumably because of his religious con- 

Established by Governing Boards Vote 54-1880. Current fund 
balance: $74,776. 


z6 Named Professorships at Boivdoin College 

Winkley Professors 

John Henry Wheeler 

b. Auburn MA 25 Sept. 1851. d. Newbury VT 10 Oct. 1887. 

Education: A.B. Harvard 1871, also A.M. 1875, Ph.D. University 
of Bonn (Germany) 1879. 

Career History: Tutor, Harvard 1880-81; Winkley Professor of 
the Latin Language and Literature, Bowdoin 1881-82; professor, 
Greek, University of Virginia 1882-87. 

Honors: Phi Beta Kappa. 

Ernest Mondell Pease 

b. West Union IA 24 Dec. 1859. m. Mary Johnson 28 Dec. 1898. 
ch.: Alan, Margaret Loder, Harold, Douglas, d. Montclair NJ 21 
Dec. 1936. 

Education: A.B. University of Colorado 1882, also A.M. 1885. 

Career History: Fellow, Johns Hopkins 1884-86; instructor, 
Latin, Smith College; Winkley Professor of the Latin Language and 
Literature, Bowdoin 1886-91; professor, Latin, Stanford 1891-1902; 
president, Planographer Co., New York NY, also Publishers Service 
Corporation and Alpha Manufacturing Co.: editor, writer. 

Career-Related Activities: Member, American Philological As- 
sociation, Archaeological Institute of America. 

Honors: Phi Beta Kappa, LL.D. University of Colorado 1902. 

I 89 1 — 1892 

William Cranston Lawton 

b. New Bedford MA 22 May 1853. d. Upper Darby PA 18 April 
1 941. 

Education: A.B. Harvard 1873; studied Harvard 1879-80, also 

Winkley Professors 27 

Career History: Teacher, Latin, Greek, New Bedford (MA) 
H.S.; acting professor, Greek, Boston University 1890-91; Winkley 
Professor of the Latin Language and Literature, Bowdoin 1891-92; 
professor, Greek, Latin, Bryn Mawr 1892-93; professor, Greek, 
Adelphi College 1 895-1907; owner and teacher, School of the Lack- 
awanna, Scranton PA 1907-12; lecturer, writer, translator 191 2-14; 
professor, literature, Hobart and William Smith Colleges 1914. 

Honors: Phi Beta Kappa. 

1892— 1907 

William Addison Houghton 

b. Holliston MA 10 March 1852. m. Charlotte Morris 11 July 1876. 
ch.: William (Bowdoin Class of 1903), Charles (Class of 1906), Cecil, 
d. Plainfleld NJ 22 Oct. 19 17. 

Education: A.B. Yale 1873, also A.M. 1889; studied Berlin Uni- 
versity 1882-83. 

Career History: Principal, preparatory department, Olivet Col- 
lege 1873-75; tutor, Latin, Yale 1875-76; professor, English literature, 
Imperial University Japan 1876-82; professor, English literature, 
New York University 1883-90, Latin 1890-92; Winkley Professor of 
the Latin Language and Literature, Bowdoin 1 892-1907. 

Career-Related Activities: Member, American Philological As- 
sociation, American Archaeological Society, managing committee, 
American School for Classical Studies, Rome; president, classical 
section, Maine Association of Colleges and Preparatory Schools; con- 
tributor, translator, lecturer. 

Honors: Phi Beta Kappa. 

1907— 1946 
Kenneth Charles Morton Sills 

b. Halifax, Nova Scotia 5 Dec. 1879. Son of Charles M. (honorary, 
Bowdoin Class of 1887). m. Edith Lansing Koon 21 Nov. 19 18. d. 
Portland ME 15 Nov. 1954. 

Education: A.B. Bowdoin 1901, A.M. Harvard 1903; studied 
Columbia 1905-06. 

28 Named Professorships at Bowdoin College 

Career History: Assistant, English, Harvard 1901-03; instructor, 
classics and English, Bowdoin 1903-04; tutor, English, Columbia 
1904-05; adjunct professor, Latin language and literature, Bowdoin 
1906-07, Winkley Professor of the Latin Language and Literature 
1907-46, clerk of the faculty 1906-10, dean 19 10-17, acting president 
191 7-1 8, president 1918-52, trustee 1918-52, overseer ex officio 
1918-52, emeritus 1952-54. 

Career-Related Activities: Faculty member, Alumni Council 
191 5-1 7; president, General Alumni Association 19 15-18, Maine His- 
torical Society 1922-24, New England Association of Colleges and 
Secondary Schools 1925-26; member, Board of Visitors, U.S. Naval 
Academy 19 17-21, 1934-35 (president 1920-21, 1935), board of di- 
rectors, Maine Medical Center 1954, advisory council on Health and 
Welfare in the State of Maine 1943-47; trustee, Wellesley 1927-46, 
Athens College (Greece) 1927-54 (board chairman 1944-47), 
Worcester (MA) Academy 1938-45, Episcopal Theological School 
1938-54, Waynflete School, Portland 1939-54, Hebron Academy 
1952-54, Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching 
1933-54 (chairman 1939-41), Portland Public Library 1954, World 
Peace Foundation 1943-54; public member, New England Regional 
War Labor Board 1943-45. 

Honors, Awards, Memorials: Phi Beta Kappa; LL.D. University 
of Maine 1916, also Bates 191 8, Dartmouth 19 18, Colby 1920, Wil- 
liams 1927, Bowdoin 1934, Dalhousie 1939, Yale 1941, Tufts 1947, 
Amherst 1952; L.H.D. Boston University 1949; Alumni Achievement 
Award 1939; Bowdoin Prize 1948; Denmark Medal of Liberation 
1946; Brunswick Distinguished Service Award 1952; extraordinary 
service medal, Episcopal Diocese of Maine 1954. 

Publications: Author, The First American and Other Poems 


Paul Nixon 

b. Des Moines IA 23 May 1882. m. Dorothea Thompson 30 July 
1907. ch.: Philip, m. Mathilde Spengler 7 July 1919. ch.: Katrina 
Chisholm. d. Brunswick ME 27 Oct. 1956. 

Education: A.B. Wesleyan 1904, also A.M. 1905; studied Oxford 
University 1904-07. 

W inkle y Professors 29 

Career History: Instructor, classics, Princeton 1907-08; instruc- 
tor, Latin, Greek, Dartmouth 1908-09; assistant professor, classics, 
history, Bowdoin 1909-n, professor 191 1-20, professor, Latin 1920- 
46, dean 1918-47, Winkley Professor of the Latin Language and 
Literature 1946-52, emeritus 1952-56. 

Career-Related Activities: President, New England Classical As- 
sociation 1924-25; member, American Philological Association, East- 
ern College Personnel Officers Association (also president). 

War Service: Served to second lieutenant, U.S. Army 19 18. 

Honors, Memorials: Phi Beta Kappa; first Rhodes scholar from 
New England 1904; L.H.D. Wesleyan 1927, also Bowdoin 1943, 
LL.D. Colby 1938; room in Hawthorne-Longfellow Library dedi- 
cated to his memory 1966. 

Publications: Author, A Roman Wit ( 191 1 ) Martial and the Mod- 
ern Epigram (1927), Loeb Library Translation of Plautus (1916-37). 


Nathan Dane II 

b. Lexington MA 24 May 191 6. Son of Francis S. (Bowdoin Class of 
1896). m. Caroline Maxine Anderson 2 April 1942. ch.: Nathan III 
(Class of 1965), Caroline, Joseph (Class of 1969). r. South Harpswell 

Education: A.B. Bowdoin 1937, A.M. University of Illinois 1939, 
also Ph.D. 1941; studied American School of Classical Studies 
(Greece) 1937-38. 

Career History: Instructor, classics, Oberlin 1941-42; Bowdoin 
1946-47, assistant professor 1947-51, associate professor 1951-54, 
professor 1954-63, Winkley Professor of the Latin Language and 
Literature 1963- , acting dean 1957. 

Career-Related Activities: Faculty member, Alumni Council 
1965-68; Maine regional associate, American Council of Learned So- 
cieties; member, American Philological Association, Classical Associa- 
tion of New England (past president), managing committee, Ameri- 
can School of Classical Studies. 

War Service: Served to major, U.S. Army 1942-46. 

30 Named Professorships at Boivdoin College 

Honors and Awards: Phi Beta Kappa; Alumni Award for Faculty 
and Staff 1970. 

Publications: Author, An Introduction to the Languages and 
Literatures of Greece and Rome (1952); coeditor, Greek Attitudes 



Daniel B. Fayerweather 
Professor of Political Economy and Sociology 

Established 1899 

score of American colleges, including Bowdoin, grants 
totaling well over two million dollars. Between 1890 and 1904, 
Bowdoin's share of the New York merchant's wealth exceeded 

Born in 1822, Daniel Fayerweather was forced to leave school 
at an early age in order to work. He went to Virginia where he 
became a tin peddler, trading some of his wares for hides, and 
gradually amassing a fortune. By the middle of the nineteenth 
century he had begun to build the largest leather firm in the 
world, Fayerweather and Ladew of New York. 

In spite of the fortune he made without a formal education, 
Fayerweather valued it so highly that, in the midst of his business 
career, he sought admittance to a boys' boarding school in Con- 
necticut, which he attended although he was many years older 
than the other students. 

As a philanthropist, Fayerweather provided in his will to dis- 
tribute the bulk of his great wealth to twenty American colleges. 
Before he died, however, he apparently became aware of a New 
York statute which prohibited giving more than half of one's 
estate to benevolent or charitable institutions if the donor had a 
living spouse, children, or parents. In a codicil written shortly 
before his death, he turned the money over to his lawyers, who 
began to distribute it after he died. They were eventually stopped 
by an injunction brought by Fayerweather's heirs. At that time 
Bowdoin had received $100,000 and, after the case had been 
argued before the Supreme Court years later, the College received 
between $100,000 and $135,000 more. As the money came in, it 

3 1 

3 2 Named Professorships at Bowdoin College 

was placed in the general fund and ultimately depleted. Accord- 
ing to one report, a portion was used for scholarship support. 

Although completely unendowed, the Daniel B. Fayerweather 
Professorship remains a memorial to this generous benefactor of 
American higher education. When the initial portion of the be- 
quest was received in 1891, the Boards voted a tribute: 

. . . Bowdoin College gratefully appreciates the liberal bequest of one 
hundred thousand dollars by Daniel B. Fayerweather of New York, 
and will ever hold in honor the memory of this philanthropic benefac- 
tor who donated a fortune of millions, the fruit of honest industry, 
to the cause of education for the benefit of his fellow men. 

Established by Governing Boards Vote 1-1899. Not endowed. 

Fayerweather Professors 

1900— 1903 

Guy Stevens Callender 

b. Hart's Grove OH 9 Nov. 1865. m. Harriet Rice 14 June 1904. 
d. Branford CT 8 Aug. 191 5. 

Education: A.B. Oberlin 1891, A.B. Harvard 1893, also A.M. 
1894, Ph.D. 1897. 

Career History: Instructor, economics, Wellesley 1895-96; Har- 
vard 1 897-1 900; Daniel B. Fayerweather Professor of Economics and 
Sociology, Bowdoin 1900-03; professor, political economy, Sheffield 
Scientific School, Yale 1903-15. 

Honors: Phi Beta Kappa, A.M. (honorary) Yale 1907. 

Publications: Author, Selections from the Economic History of 
the United States, 1765-1860 (1909); contributor, history and eco- 
nomics articles to professional journals. 

Roswell Cheney McCrea 

b. Norristown PA 30 July 1876. m. Marian Iola Grater 19 June 1901. 
ch.: Edith G., Winston, Thompson, d. Newton NY 2 July 1951 . 

Fayeriveather Professors 33 

Education: A.B. Haverford 1897, A.M. Cornell 1900, Ph.D. Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania 1 90 1 . 

Career History: Acting head, department of history and civics, 
Eastern Illinois State Normal School 1901-02; instructor, economics, 
Trinity College 1902-03; Daniel B. Fayerweather Professor of Eco- 
nomics and Sociology, Bowdoin 1903-07; associate director, New 
York School of Philanthropy 1 907-11; professor, economics, Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania 1911-16, dean, Wharton School (University 
of Pennsylvania) 191 2-16; professor, chairman, economics depart- 
ment, Columbia University 1916-32, dean, school of business 1932— 
41, dean emeritus 1 941 -51. 

Career-Related Activities: Fellow, American Association for 
the Advancement of Science; president, American Association of 
Colleges and Schools of Business; vice president, Academy of Politi- 
cal Science; price administrator, Office of Price Administration, Ver- 
mont 1942; joint charge, economic survey, New York Regional 
Plan; civilian member, Commission on Conscientious Objectors, U.S. 
War Department 1 9 1 8 . 

Honors: Phi Beta Kappa; LL.D. Columbia 192 1; Harrison Fellow 
in Economics, University of Pennsylvania 1900-01. 

Publications: Author, The Humane Movement (1910), Legisla- 
tion for the Protection of Animals and Children ( 19 14) ; editor, Amer- 
ican Business Series; economics writer, contributor to professional 

1909— 1910 
Henry Pratt Fairchild 

b. Dundee IL 18 Aug. 1880. m. Mary Eleanor Townsend 2 June 
1909. ch.: Eleanor Cadwallader. d. North Hollywood CA 2 Oct. 

Education: A.B. Doane College 1900, Ph.D. Yale 1909. 

Career History: Teacher, International College, Smyrna (Tur- 
key) 1900-03; state secretary, Doane College 1903-06; Daniel B. 
Fayerweather Professor of Economics and Sociology, Bowdoin 1 909- 
10; assistant professor, political economy, Yale 19 10-12, assistant pro- 
fessor, "Science of Sociology" 191 2-1 8, secretary, Bureau of Ap- 
pointments 191 7-1 8; professor, social economy and director, Bureau 
of Community Service and Research, New York University 19 19- 

34 Named Professorships at Boivdoin College 

24, professor, sociology 1924-45; chairman, department of sociology, 
New York University Graduate School 1938-45, professor emeritus 

Career-Related Activities: Associate director, Personnel Depart- 
ment, War Camp Community Service 191 8-19; fellow, American 
Geographical Society, American Association for the Advancement 
of Science; president, Town Hall Club 1934-40, American Eugenics 
Society 1929-31, American Sociological Society 1939, People's 
League for Economic Security; vice president, Planned Parenthood 
Federation 1939-48; national chairman, National Council of the Arts, 
Sciences, and Professions; national secretary, National Council of 
American-Soviet Friendship; investigator, National Research Coun- 
cil; special immigration agent in Europe, U.S. Department of Labor 

Honors: Phi Beta Kappa; LL.D. Doane College 1930. 

Publications: Author, Greek Immigration to the United States 
(191 1 ), Outline of Applied Sociology (19 16), The Foundations of 
Social Life (1927), Elements of Social Science (1929), The Melting- 
Pot Mistake (1929), Profits or Prosperity (1932), People: The Quan- 
tity and Quality of Population (1940), Economics for the Millions 
(1940), Main Street (1941), Dictionary of Sociology (1944), Race 
and Nationality as Factors in American Life (1947). 

1912— 1952 
Warren Benjamin Catlin 

b. Nemaha NE 3 Nov. 1881. d. Brunswick ME 10 July 1968. 

Education: A.B. University of Nebraska 1903, Ph.D. Columbia 
1927; studied State Normal School, Peru NE 1895-99, a ^ so Columbia 

Career History: Teacher, Hamburg (IA) High School, Dubuque 
(IA) High School 1903-06; instructor, economics, Cornell 1909-10; 
assistant professor, economics and sociology, Bowdoin 19 10-12, 
Daniel B. Fayerweather Professor of Economics and Sociology 1912— 
52, professor emeritus 1952-68. 

Career-Related Activities: Member, advisory council, American 
Business Men's Research Foundation, American Economic Associa- 

F ay er weather Professors 35 

tion, Academy of Political Science, American Academy of Political 
and Social Science, American Management Association, Industrial 
Relations Association; president, vice president, Village Improvement 
Association, Brunswick (ME); member, Brunswick Housing Au- 
thority; chairman, Davis Fund Committee, Brunswick; auditor, 
Town of Brunswick; public panel member, Regional War Labor 
Board 1943-45. 

Honors, Awards and Memorials: Phi Beta Kappa; Citizen of the 
Year Award, Brunswick Area Chamber of Commerce 1964; Warren 
B. Catlin Scholarship Fund established 1969; Catlin Path designated 
1954; Adams-Catlin Professor of Economics created 1969; honorary 
member, Bowdoin Alumni Association 1964. 

Publications: Author, The Progress of Economics: A History of 
Economic Thought (1962), Labor Problems in the United States and 
Great Britain (1926, revised 1935); coeditor, Yearbook of American 
Labor (1945); contributor, articles on labor, Encyclopedia of Religion 
( I 945)- 

1967— 1969 

James Allen Storer 

b. Watertown NY 16 Jan. 1922. m. Marjorie Smith 14 July 1951. 
ch.: Taylor, Joel. r. Washington DC. 

Education: A.B. Bard 1943, A.M. Harvard 1948, also Ph.D. 1955; 
studied University of Philippines 1951-52. 

Career History: Instructor, economics, Bowdoin 1948-50, as- 
sistant professor 1950-56, associate professor 1956-62, professor 
1962-67, Daniel B. Fayerweather Professor of Economics and So- 
ciology 1967-69, director, Center for Economic Research 1959-65, 
dean of the faculty 1966-69; director, economics and products divi- 
sion, Department of Fisheries, United Nations Food and Agriculture 
Organization, Rome 1969-73; assistant for international fisheries 
to associate administrator of marine resources, National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Rock- 
ville MD 1973- ; Fulbright Lecturer, University of Philippines 
1959-60; assistant to director of economics, Bureau of Commercial 
Fisheries, U.S. Department of the Interior 1965-66. 

Career-Related Activities: Member, research advisory commit- 

36 Named Professorships at Bowdoin College 

tee, New England Council 1962-69, Department of Commerce ad- 
visory committee on marine resources 1965-68, advisory committee 
for science education, National Science Foundation 1 967-69, Ameri- 
can Economic Association, Regional Science Association; executive 
director, Northeastern Research Foundation 1963-65; chairman, 
Maine Governor's Council of Economic Advisers 1967-69; member 
and chairman, board of trustees, Overseas School of Rome 1970-73; 
secretary, United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Com- 
mittee on Fisheries 1971-73; vice president, Maine Council for Eco- 
nomic Education 1964- . 

War Service: Served to lieutenant, U.S. Navy 1943-46. 

Honors: Phi Beta Kappa. 

Publications: Editor, Maine Business Indicators 1956-65; con- 

Matilda White Riley 

b. Boston MA 19 April 191 1. m. John W. Riley, Jr. (Bowdoin Class 
of 1930) 19 June 1 93 1. r. Brunswick ME. 

Education: A.B. Radcliffe 193 1, also A.M. 1937; studied Simmons 
College, University of Vienna. 

Career History: Research assistant, sociology, Harvard 1931-37; 
vice president, Market Research Company of America 1938-49; pro- 
fessor, sociology, Rutgers University 1950-73; professor, sociology, 
Bowdoin 1973- , Daniel B. Fayerweather Professor of Political 
Economy and Sociology 1975- ; visiting professor, New York Uni- 
versity Graduate School 1954-61; lecturer, Harvard 1955 (summer); 
staff sociologist, Russell Sage Foundation 1968- . 

Career-Related Activities: Executive officer, American Socio- 
logical Association 1949-60, vice-president 1972; director, Study 
Group on Age Stratification, Rutgers University 1966-72; member, 
Eastern Sociological Society, vice president 1968; American Associa- 
tion for Public Opinion Research, secretary-treasurer 1950-51; es- 
tablished Sociological Research Laboratory, Rutgers 1959; chairman, 
Section on Social and Economic Sciences, American Association for 
the Advancement of Science 1975; consultant, National Science 
Foundation, National Institute of Child Health and Human Develop- 

Fayerweather Professors 37 

ment, Academy for Educational Development, Social Science Re- 
search Council, Committee on International Exchange of Persons 
(Fulbright), Commission on Biology and Human Affairs (Salk In- 
stitute); Association for the Aid of Crippled Children; member, 
Harvard Board of Overseers Visiting Committee on Sociology, 
1975- ; chief consulting economist, War Production Board WWII; 
managing editor, American Sociological Review 1949-60. 

Honors, Awards: Phi Beta Kappa; elected, Sociological Research 
Association 1959; D.Sc. Bowdoin 1972; Lindback Research Award, 
Rutgers 1970; Phi Beta Kappa Associates 1971; Social Science Award, 
Andrus Center, University of Southern California 1973. 

Publications: New Product Development (1941), Sociological 
Studies in Scale Analysis (1954), Sociological Research (two vols. 
1963), Aging and Society (three vols. 1968-72), Sociological Ob- 
servation (1974); contributor, essays and research articles to scholarly 
journals, collected works, International Encyclopedia of the Social 
Sciences, Encyclopaedia Britannica. 

♦ ♦♦»»♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦ »-»-»-»-» ♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦ »-»-»-»■■»-»-»--»-» ♦ » » » » » -» ♦♦»♦»» 

Isaac Henry Wing 
Professor of Mathematics 

Established 1906 

ILL health forced Isaac Henry Wing, an Augusta native, to 
leave Bowdoin before his graduation with the Class of 1856. 
He went west, settled in Hudson, Wisconsin, and through the 
ownership of timberlands gradually built a fortune in his adopted 

Bowdoin awarded him the A.B., and forty years later he re- 
ceived an honorary A.M. degree. 

Wing began work in Wisconsin as an accountant, read law, 
and was admitted to the Bar in i860; he became police judge of 
Hudson the following year. In the spring of 186 1, he became the 
first Wisconsin man to answer President Lincoln's call to arms. 
He served as a first lieutenant in the 4th Wisconsin Volunteers 
before his health forced him to retire. 

Returning to Wisconsin, Wing worked first as county clerk 
in Croix, then as a federal commissioner appraising Indian reserva- 
tions and, in 1872, as receiver of the U.S. Land Office in Bayfield. 
During these years he purchased land which appreciated rapidly 
in value. At his death in 1907, his estate was worth nearly one 
million dollars. 

In 1906 he gave Bowdoin $50,000 to endow a chair in mathe- 
matics. His reasons for making the gift, he told President Hyde, 

... to aid the coming . . . students in the prosecution of those studies 
in which my own youth especially delighted In a sense, I feel my- 
self as now having a vested interest in what Bowdoin's mathematicians 
may accomplish in the indefinite future. 

Established by Governing Boards Vote 12-1906. Current fund 
balance: $69,572. 


Wing Professors 39 

Wing Professors 

1907— 1926 

William Albion Moody 

b. Kennebunkport ME 31 July i860, m. Jennie Lord Mason 25 Aug. 
1885. d. Brunswick ME 2 Feb. 1947. 

Education: A.B. Bowdoin 1882, also A.M. 1885; studied Harvard 
1 900-0 1 . 

Career History: Submaster, Edward Little High School, Auburn 
ME 1882-84; tutor > mathematics, Bowdoin 1884-87, instructor 1887— 
88, professor 1 888-1 907, Wing Professor of Mathematics 1907-26, 
professor emeritus 1926-47, acting president 1924-25. 

Career-Related Activities: Bowdoin Alumni Council 1924-27; 
director, Brunswick Building and Loan Association; treasurer, Curtis 
Memorial Library, Brunswick; member, American Mathematical So- 
ciety, American Association for the Advancement of Science. 

Honors and Awards: Phi Beta Kappa, Sc.D. Bowdoin 1922. 

Publications: Contributor, articles on mathematics to academic 

1929— 1963 

Edward Sanford Hammond 

b. New Britain CT 21 April 1893. m. Ruth Mackrille. ch.: Sylvia 
Hollmann, Letitia McAdam, Judith Hirth. d. Laguna Beach CA 2 1 
March 1972. 

Education: A.B. Yale 191 3, also A.M. 1915; Ph.D. Princeton 1920. 

Career History: Teacher, mathematics, West Haven (CT) High 
School 191 5-1 7; instructor, mathematics, Princeton University 1918— 
21; instructor, mathematics, Bowdoin 1921-22, assistant professor 
1922-25, professor 1925-29, chairman, mathematics 1926-61, Wing 
Professor of Mathematics 1929-63, emeritus 1963-72, director of ad- 
missions 1935-48. 

Career-Related Activities: Trustee, North Yarmouth Academy; 
director, Portland Junior College; member, American Mathematical 
Society, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 
Mathematical Association of America (board of governors 1946-49). 

40 Named Professorships at Boivdoin College 

Honors and Memorials: Phi Beta Kappa; Hammond Mathematics 
Prize established in his honor; honorary member, Bowdoin Alumni 

Cecil Thomas Holmes 

b. Caribou ME 8 Dec. 1896. m. Marion Dunnells 18 Aug. 1923. ch.: 
Julian (Bowdoin Class of 1952), David (Class of 1956), Peter (also 
1956), Janet (Mrs. Thomas Carper), r. Brunswick ME. 

Education: A.B. Bates 1919, A.M. Harvard 1925, also Ph.D. 1931. 

Career History: Instructor, rhetoric, Bates 1919-21; teacher, 
mathematics, Kentucky Military Institute 1922-23; New Haven 
(CT) High School 1923-24; assistant professor, mathematics, Bow- 
doin 1925-27, 1929-31, associate professor 1931-37, professor 1937— 
63, Wing Professor of Mathematics 1963-64, emeritus 1964- ; visit- 
ing professor, Stanford 1957-58. 

Career-Related Activities: Overseer, Bates 1953-74, fellow 
1974- ; member, American Mathematical Society, Mathematical As- 
sociation of America, American Association for the Advancement of 
Science; executive board, Association of Teachers of Mathematics in 
Maine; Sigma Xi. 

War Service: Served as private, U.S. Army 191 8. 

Honors: Phi Beta Kappa; honorary member, Bowdoin Alumni As- 

Publications: Author, Calculus and Analytic Geometry (1950), 
Trigonometry ( 1 95 1 ) . 

Dan Edwin Christie 

b. Dover-Foxcroft ME 11 Oct. 191 5. m. Eleanor Wilson 31 Aug. 
1940. ch.: Mark (Bowdoin Class of 1966). d. Brunswick ME 18 
July 1975. 

Education: A.B. Bowdoin 1937, A.M. Princeton 1940, also Ph.D. 
1942; studied St. John's College, Cambridge University 1937-38. 

Career History: Instructor, mathematics, Princeton 1939-42; in- 
structor, physics and mathematics, Bowdoin 1942-46, assistant pro- 

Wing Professors 41 

fessor 1946-49, associate professor 1949-55, professor 1955-65, Wing 
Professor of Mathematics 1965-75. 

Career-Related Activities: Lecturer, U.S. Army Air Force 1943— 
44, Navy 1944-46; consultant in mathematics, D. C. Heath & Co. 
1965-70; director, summer institutes and seminars in mathematics, 
National Science Foundation 1959-71; member, Physics Committee 
of School and College Study for Admission with Advanced Standing 
1952-53, Committee on Advanced Mathematics, Graduate Record 
Examination, Educational Testing Service 1964-65, Panel on Under- 
graduate Education, Committee on Support of Research in the Mathe- 
matical Sciences 1966-68, Committee on the Undergraduate Program 
in Mathematics 1963-66, Panel on College Teacher Preparation 1965— 
69, advisory board, School Mathematics Study Group 1967-71, Com- 
mittee on Undergraduate Education, Division of Mathematical 
Sciences, National Research Council 1970-73 (chairman 1972-73), 
Conference Board of the Mathematical Sciences 1972 (council mem- 
ber-at-large), American Mathematical Society, American Association 
for the Advancement of Science, American Association of Physics 
Teachers 1951-74, Mathematical Association of America (chairman, 
New England Section 1960-61, National Board of Governors 1966- 
67, 1970-73, Committee on Publications 1972-75), National Council 
of Teachers of Mathematics, Bowdoinham (ME) School Board 
1954-59, Sigma XL 

Honors and Awards: Phi Beta Kappa, Henry Fellowship 1937, 
Ford Foundation Faculty Fellowship 1953. 

Publications: Author, Intermediate College Mathematics (1952), 
Vector Mechanics (1964). 

Thomas Brackett Reed 
Professor of History and Political Science 

Established 1908 

TN character, intellect, and a kind of brutal independence [he] 
X represented the best that America could put into politics in his 
time." In The Proud Tower* historian Barbara Tuchman writes 
of Thomas Brackett Reed, the powerful Speaker of the House of 
Representatives, as having "sprung from the rib of that hard 
northern corner of New England with the uncompromising 
monosyllabic name." 

When Reed was born in Portland in 1839, his ancestors had 
lived in Maine for 200 years. After graduating from Bowdoin in 
the Class of i860, he taught school in Portland, served as pay- 
master in the United States Navy during the Civil War, then re- 
turned to Maine to read law and be admitted to the Bar. He began 
his career in government in 1868 when he was elected to the 
Maine legislature. Two years later he was state senator and soon 
after, attorney general. In 1877 he replaced James G. Blaine in 
the U.S. Congress for the first of eleven consecutive terms. Reed 
was Speaker of the House during the Republican majorities of 
1889-91 and 1895-99. He sought the Republican Presidential 
nomination in 1 896, but in spite of enormous popular support was 

Reed was a man who used wit, unbending principle and occa- 
sionally a will of pure iron to fight what he saw as the oppression 
of the wishes of the majority by a powerful minority in America. 
When "Czar" Reed retired from Congress in 1899, he did not 
seek reelection for the next term. Behind him lay the major 
political defeat of his life: the struggle, increasingly lonely, against 
the government's expansion program whose advocates, he be- 

* MacMillan & Company, New York, N. Y., 1962, pp. 1 19-120. 


Reed Professors 43 

lieved, had precipitated the Spanish- American War for its spoils. 
He went to New York to practice law with the firm of Simpson, 
Thacher and Barnum and died in 1902. 

Reed was awarded the LL.D. in 1890 by Bowdoin, an honor 
also conferred by Colby College and Columbia. The professor- 
ship which bears his name was endowed six years after his death 
by a gift from an old friend. In 1908 Andrew Carnegie's personal 
secretary wrote to President Hyde: 

. . . Mr. Carnegie will be glad to provide [a grant of $50,000], in the 
form of an endowment of a professorship of history and political 
science in memory of his friend, that great and good man, Thomas 
Brackett Reed 

Established by Governing Boards Vote 14-1908. Current fund 
balance: $69,876. 

Reed Professors 

1909— 1910 

Allen Johnson 

b. Lowell MA 29 Jan. 1870. m. Helen Ross 1900. ch.: Allen, Jr. d. 
Washington DC 18 Jan. 193 1. 

Education: A.B. Amherst 1892, also A.M. 1895, Ph.D. Columbia 
1899, A.M. Yale 19 10; studied Leipzig University 1895-97, Univer- 
sity of Paris 1897-98; fellow, European history, Columbia 1897-98, 
history and political science, Amherst 1904-05. 

Career History: Teacher, history, Lawrenceville School NJ 1892- 
94; professor, history, Grinnell College 1 898-1905; professor, history 
and political science, Bowdoin 1905-09, Thomas Brackett Reed Pro- 
fessor of History and Political Science 1909-10; professor, American 
history, Yale 1910-26. 

Career-Related Activities: Member, American Historical Asso- 
ciation, Political Science Association, Maine Historical Society. 

Honors: Phi Beta Kappa, LL.D. Amherst 1922. 

Publications: Editor, Dictionary of American Biography, Read- 
ings in American Constitutional History ( 1912), Chronicles of Amer- 
ica (19 19-21); author, Stephen A. Douglas: A Study in American 

44 Named Professorships at Bowdoin College 

Politics (1908), The Intendant Louis XIV, Report on the Archives of 
the State of Maine (19 10), Union and Democracy, Jefferson and His 
Colleagues (1921), The Historian and Historical Evidence (1926); 
coauthor, Readings in Recent American Constitutional History 

(i9 2 7)- 

1910 — 191 I 

Charles Howard McIlwain 

b. Saltsburg PA 15 Mar. 187 1. m. Mary Irwin 10 Aug. 1899, m. Kath- 
leen Thompson, ch.: George, Charles H., Jr., Mrs. Edward Pratt, 
Mrs. Walter Kerr. d. 1 June 1968. 

Education: A.B. Princeton 1894, a ^ so A.M. 1898, A.M. Harvard 
1903, also Ph.D. 191 1; studied law, Pittsburgh PA 1894-97. 

Career History: Lawyer, Pittsburgh PA 1897-98; teacher, Latin, 
Kiokimentas Springs School, Saltsburg PA 1 898-1901; professor, his- 
tory, Miami University OH 1903-05; preceptor, history and politics, 
Princeton University 1905-10; Thomas Brackett Reed Professor of 
History and Political Science, Bowdoin 1910-11; assistant professor 
then professor, history, Harvard 191 1-46, professor emeritus 1946- 
68; professor, history, Princeton University 1947; Eastman Visiting 
Professor, Oxford University 1944. 

Career-Related Activities: Trustee, Princeton University 1936— 
42, trustee emeritus 1942-68; president, American Historical Society; 
vice president, American Political Association; fellow, Royal Histori- 
cal Society, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Mediaeval 
Academy of America; member, American Philosophical Society. 

Honors: LL.D. Rutgers 1942, also Princeton 1946; also degrees 
conferred by Harvard, Yale, University of Chicago. 

Publications: Author, The American Revolution: A Constitu- 
tional Interpretation (1923, Pulitzer Prize for History), The High 
Court of Parliament (1910), The Growth of Political Thought in the 
West (1932), Constitutionalism, Ancient and Modern (1940); editor, 

191 I — 1912 

William Edward Lunt 

b. Lisbon ME 13 Jan. 1882. m. Elizabeth Atkinson 5 Dec. 1910. ch.: 

Reed Professors 45 

William E., Jr., Robert (Bowdoin Class of 1942). d. Haverford PA 
10 Nov. 1956. 

Education: A.B. Bowdoin 1904, A.M. Harvard 1905, also Ph.D. 

Career History: Assistant in government, Harvard 1905-07; in- 
structor, history and government, University of Wisconsin 1908-10; 
Sheldon Fellow, Harvard 1910-11; Thomas Brackett Reed Professor 
of History and Political Science, Bowdoin 1911-12; professor, En- 
glish, Cornell University 191 2-17; professor, English and constitu- 
tional history, Haverford College 1917-52, emeritus 1952-56. 

Career-Related Activities: Overseer 1939-56, Alumni Council 
1934-37; chief, Italian Division, American Committee to Negotiate 
Peace, Paris 19 18-19; president, Mediaeval Academy of America 
1951-54; member, Royal Historical Society, American Historical As- 
sociation, American Society of Church History. 

Honors and Awards: Phi Beta Kappa; L.H.D. Bowdoin 1929, also 
Haverford College 1952, Princeton 1950; Haskins Medal conferred 
by Mediaeval Academy of America 1941; Alumni Achievement 
Award 1937. 

Publications: Author, Collectors of Clerical Subsidies, The English 
Government at Work; historical writer, Financial Relations of the 
Papacy with England to 1327 (1934-62), History of England (1957), 
The Valuation of Norwich, Papal Revenues in the Middle Ages ( 1 934) ; 
associate editor, American Historical Review ( 1 945-47 ) ; contributor. 

1912— 1926 
Herbert Clifford Francis Bell 

b. Hamilton, Ontario 4 Aug. 1881. d. Middletown CT 12 Apr. 1966. 

Education: A.B. University of Toronto 1903, Ph.D. University of 
Pennsylvania 1909. 

Career History: Instructor, University of Wisconsin 1909-12; 
Thomas Brackett Reed Professor of History and Political Science, 
Bowdoin 1912-26; visiting professor, University of Pennsylvania 
1925; visiting professor, Yale 1927; professor, history, Wesley an 
University 1926-46, emeritus 1946-66; mayor, Middletown CT 

Career-Related Activities: Fellow, Royal Historical Society, 

46 Named Professorships at Bowdoin College 

Economic History Society; member, Anglo-American Historical 
Committee, American Historical Association, American Catholic 
Historical Association (president 1935), Century Club. 

War Service: Served to captain, U.S. Army 1917-19. 

Honors: Litt.D. Bowdoin 1937, L.H.D. Holy Cross 1938. 

Publications: Author, Lord P aimer ston (1936), Woodrow Wil- 
son and the People ( 1945); compiler, A Guide to British West Indian 
Archive Materials (1926); contributor. 

Thomas Curtis Van Cleve 

b. Maiden MO 1 May 1888. d. Brunswick, ME 10 Feb. 1976. 

Education: A.B. University of Missouri 191 1, also A.M. 191 2, 
Ph.D. University of Wisconsin 192 1. 

Career History: Assistant in history, University of Missouri 191 1— 
12, instructor 191 2-1 3; assistant in history, University of Wisconsin 
19 1 3-1 5; instructor, history, Bowdoin 19 15-16, assistant professor 
1916-20, professor 1920-25, Frank Munsey Professor of History 
1925-26, Thomas Brackett Reed Professor of History and Political 
Science 1926-54, emeritus 1954-76; visiting professor, University of 
South Carolina 1955. 

Career-Related Activities: Fellow, Royal Historical Society of 
London; former member, Council on Foreign Relations; member, 
American Historical Association, Mediaeval Academy of America. 

War Service: Served to captain, U.S. Army 19 17-19; colonel 

Honors: Phi Beta Kappa, L.H.D. Bowdoin 1954. 

Publications: Author, The Emperor Frederick II of Hohenstaufen: 
Immutator Mundi (1972), Markuoard of Anweiler and the Sicilian 
Regency; coauthor, History of the Crusades; contributor. 


Ernst Christian Helmreich 

b. Crescent City IL 26 Aug. 1902. m. Louise Roberts 21 July 1932. 
ch.: Paul C, Jonathan E. r. Brunswick ME. 

Reed Professors 47 

Education: A.B. Illinois 1924, also A.M. 1925, A.M. Harvard 
1927, also Ph.D. 1932. 

Career History: Instructor, history and government, Purdue 
1924-26; assistant in history, Radcliffe 1927-29, 1930-31; instructor, 
history and government, Bowdoin 1931-32, assistant professor 1932- 
40, associate professor 1940-46, professor 1946-72, Thomas Brackett 
Reed Professor of History and Political Science 1959-72, emeritus 
1972- ; visiting professor, diplomatic history, Fletcher School 

Career-Related Activities: Member, board of editors, Journal 
of Modern History; American Historical Association, American 
Academy of Political and Social Science. 

Honors and Awards: Phi Beta Kappa, Sheldon Traveling Fellow- 
ship 1929, Award for Faculty and Staff 1974. 

Publications: Author, The Diplomacy of the Balkan Wars, 1912- 
1913 (1938, reprinted 1969), Religious Education in German Schools: 
An Historical Approach (1959, German edition 1966), Religion and 
the Maine Schools: An Historical Approach (i960), Twentieth Cen- 
tury Europe: A History (with C. E. Black 1950, 4th edition 1971); 
editor, Hungary (1957), A Free Church in a Free State: The Catholic 
Church, Italy, Germany, France 1864-1914 (1964). 


Daniel Levine 

b. New York NY 31 Dec. 1934. m. Susan Rose 29 July 1954. ch.: 
Timothy, Karen, r. Brunswick ME. 

Education: A.B. Antioch 1956, A.M. Northwestern 1957, also 
Ph.D. 1 96 1. 

Career History: Assistant professor, history, Earlham 1960-63; 
Bowdoin 1963-66, associate professor 1966-72, professor 1972-74, 
Thomas Brackett Reed Professor of History and Political Science 
1974- ; visiting professor, Aarhus 1969, Copenhagen 1970. 

Career-Related Activities: Member, American Historical Asso- 
ciation, Organization of American Historians, American Association 
of University Professors; fellow, Social Science Research Council 

48 Named Professorships at Boivdoin College 

Honors and Awards: Woodrow Wilson Fellowship 1956, Ful- 
bright Grant 1969-70, Guggenheim Fellowship 1972. 

Publications: Author, Varieties of Reform Thought (1965), Jane 
Addams and the Liberal Tradition (1971); contributor. 

-»-+-» »»»♦»♦♦♦♦♦»»♦»»»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦»»»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦ 

Joseph Edward Merrill 
Professor of the Greek Language and Literature 

Established i pop—Vacant since 1954 

JOSEPH EDWARD MERRILL was born in Yarmouth in 
1832 and entered Bowdoin in 1850. Poor health, which was 
to trouble him all his life, caused him to withdraw before gradu- 
ating, but the Governing Boards conferred upon him an A.B. in 
the Class of 1854. Fifty-two years later he was awarded a Master 
of Arts. 

In 1854 Merrill went to Boston and entered the bookselling 
trade, eventually becoming superintendent and treasurer of the 
New England News Company. His rise to prominence in the sale 
and distribution of books and periodicals was rapid. Less than 
twenty-five years after leaving Brunswick, he formed the Ameri- 
can News Company in New York. 

Throughout his life he was loyal and generous to Bowdoin. In 
1908 he wrote to General Thomas Hubbard, himself a generous 
benefactor of the College: 

... no one perhaps better than yourself can appreciate what it has 
been my pleasure to do for Bowdoin College. It has been the work of 
my life to accumulate what I have done. ... I trust it may ever be 
more appreciated by graduates and undergraduates. . . . 

Merrill gave to Bowdoin, both while he lived and in his will 
when he died in 1909, nearly a half -million dollars. His directions 
for the use of his bequest were specific: a portion was to be used 
for scholarship support for "deserving" students; the remainder 
was to be used "for the general purposes of the College," not, as 
President Hyde explained at a memorial service in 1909, 

for buildings or real estate; not for any sudden branching out into 
new fields; but for the gradual and prudent strengthening of the 
regular College work. 


50 Named Professorships at Boivdoin College 

The Governing Boards created the Joseph E. Merrill Pro- 
fessor of Greek Language and Literature in 1909, respecting its 
benefactor's unwritten wish that his life's work be used to support 
an aspect of the College he had known. 

Established by Governing Boards Vote 40-1909. Not endowed. 

Merrill Professors 

1909— 1922 

Frank Edward Woodruff 

Also Collins Professor of Natural and Revealed Religion, 1 890-1908. 
See p. 4. 

1924— 1928 
Henry Bronson Dewing 

b. Canterbury CT 2 Mar. 1882. m. Eunice 7 Apr. 1910. ch.: Stephen, 
Charles, Elizabeth Secrest. d. Washington DC 5 Sept. 1956. 

Education: A.B. University of California at Berkeley 1903, also 
A.M. 1905, Ph.D. Yale 1908. 

Career History: Teacher, classics, Berkeley (CA) High School 
1904-06; instructor, Greek, Yale 1907-08; classics, Princeton 1908- 
10; professor, Latin, dean, Robert College, Constantinople Turkey 
1 9 10-16; assistant professor, classics, Princeton 1916-22; associate 
professor, ancient languages, University of Texas 1922-23; professor, 
Greek, Bowdoin 1923-28, Joseph E. Merrill Professor of Greek Lan- 
guage and Literature 1924-28; president, professor, Athens Greece 
College 1928-31; professor, ancient and modern languages, Colorado 
College 1931-34; professor, Latin, University of North Carolina 
1934-35; retired 1936. 

War Service: Served as major, American Red Cross 1919-20. 

Honors and Awards: Phi Beta Kappa; L.H.D. Bowdoin 1928, also 
University of California 1953; Order of Savior, Order of Military 
Merit (Greece). 

Publications: Translator, works of Procopius, Loeb Classical Li- 
brary (1914-40); author, Greece and the Great Powers (1924). 

Merrill Professors 5 1 

Thomas Means 

b. New Haven CT 19 Sept. 1889. m. Bertha Betsy Blake 6 Sept. 19 19 
(d. 1935). ch.: Patricia C. M. Castle, m. Eleanor Margaret Skolfield 
10 Sept. 1939. d. Brunswick ME 7 June 196 1. 

Education: A.B. Yale 1910, graduate scholar, Yale 1910-11; 
Rhodes Scholar, Merton College, Oxford University 1911-14; Aber- 
nathy Fellow, Yale 19 14-15, A.M. Yale 191 5; Gorham Thomas 
Scholar, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Harvard 19 16-17, 
A.M. Harvard 1926. 

Career History: Teacher, Hotchkiss School, Lakeville CT 191 5— 
16; Roxbury School, Cheshire CT 1919-20; assistant professor, Greek 
and Latin, Bowdoin 1921-26, professor 1926-29, Joseph E. Merrill 
Professor of Greek Language and Literature 1929-54, emeritus 1954- 
61; visiting professor American School of Classical Studies, Athens 
1933-34; J°hn Hay Whitney Visiting Professor, Dickinson College, 
Carlisle PA 1960-61. 

Career-Related Activities: Coach, hockey, Bowdoin 1922, gym- 
nastics team, 1926-28; member, Managing Committee, American 
School of Classical Studies, Athens 1929; president, Classical Associa- 
tion of New England 1951-52. 

War Service: American Field Service 19 17; French and U.S. 
Armies 191 7-1 9; served to second lieutenant. 

Publications: Assistant editor of American Oxonian, vol. 1:1914 
vol. 9: 1922; contributor, articles to classical journals. 

»♦♦♦♦»»♦♦♦♦♦♦»-»■ » »♦♦»♦♦♦♦»»♦»♦»»♦♦»»»» » »♦♦»« »-»»♦♦♦» 

Henry Leland Chapman 
Professor of English Literature 

Established 1913 

HE was described as a brilliant and versatile man. Both as 
teacher and administrator, Henry Leland Chapman served 
Bowdoin for half a century. Born in Bethel in 1 845, he was elected 
to Phi Beta Kappa and graduated from Bowdoin in 1866. Three 
years later he took a degree from the Bangor Theological Semi- 
nary. In 1869 he began his teaching career at Bowdoin by tutor- 
ing students in mathematics and Latin. By 1872 he was a full 
professor, a title he was to hold at Bowdoin for forty-one years. 
During that time he taught several disciplines in succession: Latin, 
oratory and English literature, rhetoric and oratory (as holder of 
the Edward Little Chair from 1880 to 1897), English language 
and literature, and from 1901 to 19 12 English literature. His 
colleague Wilmot Brookings Mitchell defined him as a teacher 
"with keenness and humor, with sympathy and eloquence and 
learning, [who] has interpreted to Bowdoin students the vital 
truths and noble sentiments of a great literature." 

To a great extent, "Henry Chap" was responsible for the evolu- 
tion of twentieth-century administration at Bowdoin. As dean 
of the faculty in 1883, he also served as acting president in the 
two years between the terms of Presidents Chamberlain and 
Hyde. According to Hatch in his History of Bowdoin College, 
Chapman's faculty colleagues praised him for bringing to the 
position "prudence, tact, and never failing courtesy" as well as a 
"conscientious attention to details of administration" which freed 
his associates to teach uninterruptedly. "He has been head of the 
College in all but name. . . ." 

Chapman was responsible for a number of campus reforms: he 
vigorously opposed hazing, an unpopular position which may 

5 2 

Chapman Professors 53 

have cost him the presidency; he was the prime force in instituting 
the system of justice now virtually universal on campuses— trial 
by peers; and he publicly advised that the College be financially 
administered by "strict business principles," because he feared 
inadequate resources would force Bowdoin to "dishearten and 
repel a class of students whom it should be our effort and ambition 
to attract." The "class of students" to which he referred was of 
limited means. Chapman's early advocacy of providing education 
to deserving students, regardless of their financial position, has 
become one of the College's greatest strengths. 

Henry Chapman was also a licensed minister and a trustee of 
the Bangor Theological Seminary and the State Normal Schools. 
In 19 1 2, the year before his death of Bright's Disease the Republi- 
can Party urged him to run for governor, but he did not. 

Soon after he died, the Governing Boards voted to create the 
Henry Leland Chapman Professorship of English Literature. The 
College's financial situation was difficult then and there was no 
money to endow the chair. It is the only chair voted completely 
without supporting funds in Bowdoin's history. Backed, in effect, 
by the total endowment of the College, it has existed as a "per- 
petual memorial." 

Established by Governing Boards Vote 57-1913. Not endowed. 

Chapman Professors 


George Roy Elliott 

b. London, Ontario 31 Dec. 1883. m. Alma Lee Wilkins 20 Sept. 
1 9 10. ch.: Jane Fischer, Nancy Kleene, Richard, d. Brunswick ME 
17 Oct. 1963. 

Education: A.B. University of Toronto 1904, Ph.D. University of 
Jena (Germany) 1908. 

Career History: Instructor, English, University of Wisconsin 
1909-13; Henry Leland Chapman Professor of English Literature, 
Bowdoin 1913-25; professor, English, Amherst 1925-50, Henry 
Folger Professor of English, professor emeritus 1950. 

54 Named Professorships at Bowdoin College 

Career-Related Activities: Founder and member, American 
Group for Renaissance Studies; member, Modern Language Associa- 

Honors and Awards: Litt.D. Bowdoin 1925, A.M. (honorary) 
Amherst 1934, L.H.D. Tufts 1955. 

Publications: Author, The Cycle of Modern Poetry (1929), Hu- 
manism and Imagination (1938), Church, College, and Nation ( 1 945 ) , 
Scourge and Minister, a study of Hamlet (1951), Flaming Minister, a 
study of Othello (1953), Dramatic Providence in Macbeth (1958), 
republished (i960) with a supplementary essay on King Lear; editor, 
Poetry of the Nineteenth Century (1924), English Poetry of the Nine- 
teenth Century (with Norman Foerster 1923), Complete Poetry of 
John Keats (1927), Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1928); con- 
tributor, articles on Shakespeare and other literary criticism. 

1926 — 195 I 
Stanley Perkins Chase 

b. Portland ME 4 Apr. 1884. m. Helen Johnson 21 June 191 2. d. 
Brunswick ME 21 Jan. 1951. 

Education: A.B. Bowdoin 1905, A.M. Harvard 1906, also Ph.D. 

Career History: Assistant, English, Harvard 1906-07; instructor, 
English literature, Northwestern 1907-09; instructor, English, Union 
College 1911-12, assistant professor 191 2-19, associate professor 
1919-25; lecturer, English literature, Bowdoin 1925, professor 1925- 
26, Henry Leland Chapman Professor of English Literature 1926-51. 

Career-Related Activities: Faculty representative, Alumni Coun- 
cil 1934-35; secretary, Bowdoin chapter, Phi Beta Kappa 1925-48, 
president 1948; senator, United Chapters of Phi Beta Kappa 1946-51; 
member, Modern Language Association, Shakespeare Association of 
America, Medieval Academy of America. 

Honors: Phi Beta Kappa. 

Publications: Translator, The Pearl (Middle English poem, 1932); 
coeditor, English Poetry in the Nineteenth Century. 

Chapman Professors 5 5 


Lawrence Sargent Hall 

b. Haverhill MA 23 Apr. 191 5. m. Margaret Mellor 17 Aug. 1938. 
ch.: Lawrence, Marion, m. Marcia Skillings 22 Oct. 1954. r. Orr's 
Island ME. 

Education: A.B. Bowdoin 1936, Ph.D. Yale 1941. 

Career History: Instructor, English, Deerfield Academy, Deer- 
field MA 1936-38; Ohio University 1941-42; Yale University 1946; 
assistant professor, Bowdoin 1946-51, associate professor 1951-59, 
professor 1959-67, Henry Leland Chapman Professor of English 
1967- ; Carnegie Visiting Professor, Columbia 1955-56. 

Career-Related Activities: Charter member, Governor's Coun- 
cil on the Arts and Culture in Maine 1964- ; member, Maine State 
Commission on the Arts and Humanities 1965-68; director, Maine 
Citizens' Association for Cooperative Planning 1966-69; consultant, 
Ethics in Medicine, Family Practice Residency Institute, Augusta ME 


War Service: Served to lieutenant commander, U.S. Navy 1942- 

Publications: Author, The Ledge (first prize, O. Henry Award 
i960), Stowaway (Faulkner Award 1961), Hawthorne: Critic of So- 
ciety ( 1943 ), How Thinking Is Written ( 1963 ), A Grammar of Liter- 
ary Criticism (1965); contributor, articles and short stories; editor, 
Seeing and Describing, Uses of English series (1966). 

George Taylor Files 
Professor of Modern Languages 

Established 1920 

EE Professor Chapman, George Taylor Files was many men 
to Bowdoin College. Born in Portland in 1 866, he graduated 
from Bowdoin in 1889. After receiving an M.A. from Bowdoin, 
he earned a Ph.D. at the University of Leipzig. 

His work and interests, however, exceeded his professorial re- 
sponsibilities. He not only taught modern and Germanic lan- 
guages (from 1894 to World War I) but also served as college 
registrar (1900-05), helped reorganize the administration, im- 
proved the appearance of the campus by giving more than two 
hundred varieties of young trees in 19 10, lobbied for better roads 
and highways, and with Admiral Robert E. Peary of the Class of 
1877 founded a society for protecting the Maine coast by aircraft. 

During the last years of World War I, he was granted a leave 
of absence to serve as a YMCA secretary in the war zone of 
France. The hardships he encountered in that service caused his 
death in 19 19 shortly after he returned to the United States. At 
52 he was the oldest Bowdoin graduate to give his life for his 
country during the war. In a memorial service, President Sills 
said of him: "The scholar has finished his learning, the teacher has 
taught his last class, and left to us all a noble example of industry 
and devotion." He was, Sills concluded, "a very kindly and very 
brave man." 

Established by Governing Boards Vote 55-1920. Current fund 
balance: $44,280. 


Files Professors 57 

Files Professors 


Roscoe James Ham 

b. Peabody MA 3 Apr. 1875. m. Mary Helena Cowell 5 Sept. 1901. 
ch.: Edward B. (Bowdoin Class of 1922). d. Ann Arbor MI 26 Dec. 

r 953- 

Education: A.B. Harvard 1896, A.M. Bowdoin 1907; studied Uni- 
versity of Berlin 1897-98, Harvard 1898-99. 

Career History: Teacher, Cascadilla School, Ithaca NY 1899- 
1901; instructor, modern languages, Bowdoin 1901-03, assistant pro- 
fessor 1903-06, professor 1906-07; professor, modern languages, 
Trinity College (CT) 1907-09; professor, German, Bowdoin 1909- 
21, George Taylor Files Professor of Modern Languages 1921-45, 
emeritus 1945-53. 

Career-Related Activities: Special assistant, U.S. Ambassador in 
Petrograd, USSR 19 16-17; member, Modern Language Association. 

Honors: L.H.D. Bowdoin 1944. 

Publications: Author, Brief German Grammar (with A. N. 
Leonard 1908), Einleitung in die dentsche Sprache (191 5), Syllabus 
of German Grammar (1940). 


Fritz Carl August Koelln 

b. Hamburg, Germany 23 May 1901. m. Jakobine E. Petersen 8 Sept. 
1929. ch.: Elisabeth (Mrs. Chalmers) MacCormick, Johanna (Mrs. 
Francis) Schwanauer, Sonnhild (Mrs. George) Chamberland. r. 
Brunswick ME. 

Education: Ph.D. Hamburg 1927. 

Career History: Librarian, departments of philosophy and psy- 
chology, Hamburg University 1927-29; assistant professor, German, 
Bowdoin 1929-41, associate professor 1941-46, professor 1946-71, 
George Taylor Files Professor of Modern Languages 1950-71, emeri- 
tus 197 1- ; resident dean, Foreign Study Center, University of 
Maryland, Zurich Switzerland 1948-49; visiting lecturer, Emerson 

58 Named Professorships at Bowdoin College 

College, Sussex England 1972, 1973, 1976; visiting professor, Univer- 
sity of Maine at Portland 1974; visiting lecturer, Waldorf Institute, 
Adelphi University 1975. 

Publications: Cotranslator, Ernst Cassirefs The Philosophy of the 
Enlightenment ( 1948) ; translator, Rudolf Steinefs Riddles of Philoso- 
phy (1973). 

Frank Andrew Munsey 
Professor of History 

Established 1922 

FRANK ANDREW MUNSEY, a self-made man, might have 
been the hero of a Horatio Alger story. In 1882 he left his 
native Maine for New York City, carrying with him a little cash, 
the promise of a loan from a Maine broker (which was not kept) , 
and a bundle of unpublished manuscripts, among them Alger's 
Do or Die, or A Brave Boy's Flight for Fortune. 

Born in Mercer in 1854, Munsey left school at 15 and hired 
himself out to the local postmaster for one hundred dollars a year. 
His pluck more than compensated for the poor health which 
afflicted him as a boy. In the ensuing years he acquired enough 
knowledge about operating the telegraph to find employment 
throughout the state, concluding his years in Maine as manager of 
the Augusta Western Union Office. 

In New York, where he hoped to publish his own magazine, he 
worked writing copy, editing, soliciting advertising, and even- 
tually establishing the Golden Argosy, a magazine for boys and 
girls. He was his own office boy, bookkeeper, clerk, manager, and 
editor. In 1891 Munsey'' s Weekly brought success and capital and 
from 1 894 to 1907 he earned $8.8 million in profits after a lean first 

Munsey also bought and sold daily newspapers. In two decades 
he acquired major newspapers in Boston, New York, Washing- 
ton, Baltimore and Philadelphia. Some failed, others were con- 
solidated as Munsey worked to eliminate competition in the 
newspaper business. With the acquisition of the New York Press 
in 19 1 2 he was able to write: "I have bought the Press because I 
wanted it. It completes my chain of papers in the five big cities of 
the East. . . ." He owned at least fifteen magazines during his 


60 Named Professorships at Bowdoin College 

career and wrote stories which appeared in many of them. He 
was also the owner of the Mohican grocery store chain and the 
United States Trust Co. of Washington, D. C. In 19 19 the French 
government awarded him the Legion of Honor for his financial 
support of the Allied cause. 

In 1922 Frank Munsey gave $100,000 to Bowdoin, enabling the 
College to meet a challenge grant from John D. Rockefeller and 
raise a total of $600,000 for faculty salaries. It was from this grant 
that the Frank Munsey Chair in History was established. When 
he died in 1925, Munsey left an additional large and unrestricted 
amount of money to the College. 

Munsey 's entire estate was appraised at $19.7 million, most of 
which went to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York 

Bowdoin became his alma mater in 19 19 when he was awarded 
an honorary doctor of literature degree. 

Established by Governing Boards Vote 70-1922. Current fund 
balance: $150,492. 

Munsey Professors 

1925— 1926 

Thomas Curtis Van Cleve 

Also Thomas Brackett Reed Professor of History and Political 
Science, 1926-54. See p. 46. 


Edward Chase Kirkland 

b. Bellows Falls VT 24 May 1894. m. Ruth S. Babson 4 Sept. 1924. 
ch.: Edward, d. Hanover NH 24 May 1975. 

Education: A.B. Dartmouth 19 16; A.M. Harvard 192 1, also Ph.D. 
1924; M.A. Cambridge University 1956. 

Career History: Instructor, citizenship, Dartmouth 1920-21; his- 
tory and English, M.I.T.; history, Brown University 1924-25, assis- 
tant professor 1925-30; associate professor of history on the Frank 

Munsey Professors 6 1 

Munsey Foundation, Bowdoin 1930-31, Frank Munsey Professor of 
History 1930-59, emeritus 1959-75; Pitt Professor of American His- 
tory, Cambridge University 1956-57; Commonwealth Lecturer, 
University College, London 1952; Kemper K. Knapp visiting pro- 
fessor, University of Wisconsin 1951, visiting professor, Cornell 
University 1956. 

Career-Related Activities: President, American Association of 
University Professors 1946-48; member, American History Associa- 
tion, Organization of American Historians (president 1955-56), 
Economic History Association (president 1953-54), American New- 
comen Society, Massachusetts Historical Society, Colonial Society of 
Massachusetts, American Antiquarian Society, American Friends of 
Lafayette; fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences; lecturer. 

War Service: Served as private, U.S. Army 1917-19. 

Honors: Phi Beta Kappa (Senator, United Chapters 1951-70), Litt. 
D. Dartmouth 1948, also Princeton 1957, Bowdoin 1961; Guggenheim 
Fellow 1955-56. 

Publications: Author, Peacemakers of 1864 (1927), A History of 
American Economic Life (1932, 1939, 1952, 1969), Brunswick's 
Golden Age (1942), Men, Cities and Transportation, A Study in New 
England History 1820-1 poo (1948), Business in the Golden Age: The 
Conservatives'' Balance Sheet (1952), Dream and Thought in the 
Business Community 1860-1 poo (1956), Industry Comes of Age: 
Business, Labor and Public Policy 1860-18 p*] (1961), Charles Francis 
Adams Jr., 1835-1 pi j, The Patrician at Bay (1965); editor, Andrew 
Carnegie, Gospel of Wealth (1962), A Bibliography of American Eco- 
nomic History Since 1861 (1971). 

Nathaniel Cooper Kendrick 

b. Rochester NY 9 Sept. 1900. m. Lucy Higgs 8 July 1927. ch.: 
Thomas, Ann (Mrs. Neal A.) McNabb. d. Gravenhurst, Ontario 
2 Sept. 1969. 

Education: A.B. Rochester 192 1; A.M. Harvard 1923, also Ph.D. 

Career History: Assistant in history, Harvard 1921-25; instructor, 

6i Named Professorships at Boivdoin College 

history, Bowdoin 1926-28, assistant professor 1928-32, associate pro- 
fessor 1932-46, professor 1946-59, Frank Munsey Professor of His- 
tory 1959-66, emeritus 1966-69, acting dean 1946-47, dean 1947-66, 
emeritus 1966-69. 

Career-Related Activities: Member, American Historical Asso- 
ciation; chairman, standing committee on institutions of higher learn- 
ing, New England Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools. 

War Service: French Army ambulance service, WWI. 

Honors and Awards: L.H.D. Bowdoin 1966, Alumni Award for 
Faculty and Staff 1965, honorary member, Bowdoin College Alumni 
Association 1962. 

1969 — 

William Rolling Whiteside 

b. Cincinnati OH 17 Oct. 1921. m. Virginia Sandin 3 May 1944. 
ch.: John, David (Bowdoin Class of 1972). r. Orr's Island ME. 

Education: A.B. Amherst 1943; A.M. Harvard 1947, also Ph.D. 

Career History: Instructor, history, Amherst 1951-53; assistant 
professor, Bowdoin 1953-60, associate professor 1960-66, professor 
1966-69, Frank Munsey Professor of History 1969- , director, 
Senior Center 1962-71; visiting professor, University of Maine 

Career-Related Activities: Member, American Historical Asso- 
ciation, Organization of American Historians, American Studies As- 
sociation, American Association of University Professors; chairman, 
Committee on Teacher Education and Certification, Maine Advisory 
Committee on Teacher Education and Certification; lecturer. 

War Service: Served to first lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Force 

Honors: Phi Beta Kappa. 

Publications: Author, The Boston YMCA and Community Need: 
A Century' 's Evolution 18 j 1-1951 (1951); contributor, Current His- 
tory , Encyclopaedia Britannica, Notable American Women, American 
Studies in the United States. 

DeAlva Stanwood Alexander 
Professor of Government 

Established 1927 

DeALVA STANWOOD ALEXANDER proved his versa- 
tility by achieving success in journalism, law, and politics 
in both the Midwest and the East. 

Born in Richmond, Maine, in 1845, he moved with his mother 
to Ohio after his father's death in 1852. At the age of 1 5, he joined 
the Union Army, the 1 28th Regiment of the famous Ohio Volun- 
teers, and did not enter Bowdoin until after the Civil War. He 
was graduated in the Class of 1870, received an M.A. in 1873, and, 
in recognition of his life's achievements and devotion to the Col- 
lege, was awarded an honorary LL.D. in 1907 by William D. 
Hyde, whom he had helped select as Bowdoin's president in 1885. 

After graduation, Alexander went to Fort Wayne, Indiana, 
where he taught school. The next year he began his career in 
journalism as editor of the Fort Wayne Daily Gazette. Then, in 
1874, he moved to Indianapolis and as a correspondent for the 
Cincinnati Daily Gazette was responsible for his paper's being the 
first to publish the poetry of James Whitcomb Riley. 

He read law, was admitted to the Indiana Bar, and practiced 
until 1 88 1 in Indianapolis where he became a friend and personal 
secretary to Benjamin Harrison. When Harrison became a sena- 
tor, Alexander was made a U.S. Treasury auditor and served in 
Washington until 1885. From then until 1925 he practiced law 
in Buffalo, New York, serving as U.S. District Attorney for 
northern New York in the early 1890s. In 1897 he was elected to 
Congress, his first of six terms directed by House Speaker Thomas 
Brackett Reed. 

From 1905 to 1925, Alexander was an overseer of Bowdoin; he 
was vice president for four years, and president of the Board of 
Overseers for six. In 1905 he established the Alexander Prize for 


64 Named Professorships at Bouodoin College 

Select Declamation. He also wrote The Political History of the 
State of Neiv York and The Alexanders of Maine. In 1926 his 
second wife, the former Anne Lucille Bliss, made a gift to Bow- 
doin to establish the DeAlva Stanwood Alexander Professor of 
Government in fulfillment of her versatile husband's wishes. 

Established by Governing Boards Vote 44-1927. Current fund 
balance: $74,696. 

Alexander Professors 


Orren Chalmer Hormell 

b. Wingate IN 4 Dec. 1879. m. Elizabeth Spaulding 25 Dec. 1905. 
ch.: Mary (Mrs. Ross M.) Cunningham, Robert, d. Melrose MA 
3 Dec. 1975. 

Education: A.B. Indiana University 1904, also A.M. 1905, A.M. 
Harvard 1909, also Ph.D. 192 1. 

Career History: Assistant, history, government, Indiana 1904-05; 
teacher, Crawfordsville (IN) High School 1905-08; assistant, history, 
Harvard 1909-10; instructor, history, political science, Clark 1910- 
n; assistant professor, history, Bowdoin 1911-13, professor, history, 
government 191 3-27, DeAlva Stanwood Alexander Professor of Gov- 
ernment 1927-51, emeritus 1951-75; lecturer, municipal government, 
Harvard 1919-20; professor, political science, Illinois 1924 (summer), 
Syracuse 1925, 1929, 1939 (summers), Michigan 1926, 1928 (sum- 
mers); founder and director, Bureau for Research in Municipal Gov- 
ernment, Bowdoin 19 14-51. 

Career-Related Activities: Member, advisory committee, Maine 
Personnel Board 1937-52, Maine Employment Security Commission 
1955-56, Maine Municipal Association 1955-56; member, advisory 
council (frequently chairman), Maine Unemployment Compensation 
Commission 1939-54, U.S. Civil Service Assembly, Maine Supreme 
Court Justice Williamson 1960-66; member, National Resources 
Planning Board 1941-48, Maine Judicial Council 1954-58, New En- 
gland Council, American Society of Public Administration, author, 
lecturer, consultant, contributor; editor, Government Research Se- 
ries, Bowdoin College Bulletin 1914-51. 

Honors: D.C.L. Bowdoin 195 1. 

Alexander Professors 6$ 

John Chauncey Donovan 

b. New York NY 9 Feb. 1920. m. Beatrice Witter 9 Sept. 1947. ch.: 
Carey, Christine, Aiartha, John. r. Brunswick ME. 

Education: A.B. Bates 1942; A.M. Harvard 1948, also Ph.D. 1949. 

Career History: Teaching fellow, Harvard 1946-49; instructor, 
government, Bates 1949-51, assistant professor 1951-54, associate pro- 
fessor 1954-57, professor 1957-59; administrative assistant to Senator 
Edmund S. Muskie 1959-62; executive assistant to U.S. Secretary of 
Labor 1962-64, manpower administrator, U.S. Department of Labor 
1964-65; DeAlva Stanwood Alexander Professor of Government, 
Bowdoin 1965- . 

Career-Related Activities: Chairman, Maine Board of Arbitra- 
tion and Conciliation 1955-56, Maine State Democratic Party Com- 
mittee 1957-58, New England Regional Manpower Advisory Com- 
mittee 1965-69, Maine Advisory Council on Vocational Education 
1969-72; candidate for U.S. House of Representatives, Maine 2nd 
District i960; former overseer, Bates; trustee, University of Maine; 
past president, Maine Conference of Social Scientists; former mem- 
ber, Executive Committee, New England Political Science Associa- 
tion; consultant, U.S. Department of Labor, Ford Foundation, Or- 
ganization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Public 
Affairs Research Center, Bowdoin; member, American Political 
Science Association, New York State Regents Fellowship Selection 
Committee 1968, executive council, Northeastern Political Science 
Association, board of directors, Center for Governmental Studies, 
Washington DC. 

War Service: Served to lieutenant (junior grade), U.S. Navy 

Honors, Awards: Phi Beta Kappa; Distinguished Service Award, 
U.S. Department of Labor 1965. 

Publications: Author, The Politics of Poverty (1967, second edi- 
tion 1973), The Policy Makers (1970), The Cold Warriors: A Policy- 
Making Elite (1974); contributor. 


Henry Hill Pierce 
Professor of English 

Established ipso 

BORN in Portland in 1875, Henry Hill Pierce was a lawyer by 
profession but throughout his life he "retained something of 
the poetic temperament." Upon awarding him an honorary doctor 
of laws degree thirty years after his graduation from Bowdoin, 
Professor Sills described him as "an idealist who has achieved 
success in the whirling world of affairs." 

"Harry" Pierce, member of the Class of 1896, had numerous 
relatives in the Bowdoin "family": his grandfather was a Bowdoin 
graduate and Governing Boards member; his father, uncle, and 
two brothers were graduates; his father-in-law was a graduate and 
trustee; and his son became a graduate and trustee. 

Pierce graduated from the New York Law School in 1898. 
From 1898 to 1929 he worked as a lawyer in New York, mostly 
in association with the firm of Sullivan and Cromwell, of which 
he became a partner in 191 r. A great deal of his work was in cor- 
porate law, a highly competitive legal area in which he dis- 
tinguished himself. 

Pierce was a member of the Alumni Council from 1 9 1 8 to 1 9 2 1 , 
an overseer from 1920 to 1922, and a trustee from 1922 until his 
death in 1940. His wife, Katharine Curtis, the daughter of Bow- 
doin graduate and Trustee William J. Curtis, was a leader of the 
Society of Bowdoin women and was awarded the honorary de- 
gree of master of arts in 1933. 

In 1926 Henry Pierce created the Lewis Pierce Book Fund to 
honor his father and, in 1930, established the Pierce Chair in the 
Department of English. 

Bowdoin poet and professor Robert P. Tristram Coffin, perhaps 
the most widely known of the Pierce professors, memorialized 


Pierce Professors 6y 

Pierce in verse. "Marble and granite," Coffin wrote, "may pre- 
serve and record man's achievements," 

But stone and metal are dead things, 
They do not grow as do the rings 
Inside the oak which spread in duty 
Of carrying lifeblood up to beauty. 

Henry Pierce put his young mind 

In substance of the oak's green kind, 

He was wise enough to know 

Best monuments are the ones that grow; 

He knew that where youths stand and sing 

Or learn the truth of anything 

From teachers and from books would be 

Best hope for immortality. 

And so he built for Bowdoin strong 

In books, in teaching, and in song. 

Established by Governing Boards Vote 63-1930. Current fund 
balance: $242,610. 

Pierce Professors 


Charles Harold Gray 

b. Guthrie OK 13 Feb. 1892. m. Helen McGregor 22 Dec. 1919. ch.: 
McGregor, Carlyle. d. New York City 14 May 1959. 

Education: A.B. Washington 191 3; A.M. Columbia 1924, also 
Ph.D. 193 1; studied Lincoln College, Oxford 1914-17. 

Career History: Instructor, then assistant professor, English, Reed 
1 91 7-21; university fellow, Columbia 1921-23; assistant professor, 
English, Adelphi 1923-24; professor, St. John's 1924-25; assistant pro- 
fessor, Bowdoin 1925-27, associate professor 1927-28, professor 
1928-30, Pierce Professor of English 1930-33; professor, Bennington 
1933-40, acting president 1935; dean, Bard 1940-44, president 1944- 
46; head, Department of English, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute 
1947-53; director, Division of Academic Studies, Juilliard School of 
Music 1953-59; visiting professor, University of the Philippines 

68 Named Professorships at Boivdoin College 

Honors: Rhodes Scholar 1914-17, Fulbright Fellow 1951-52. 
Publications: Author, Theatrical Criticism in London to 1795 
(193 1 ); editor, Hazlitt Essays (1928). 


Robert Peter Tristram Coffin 

b. Brunswick ME 18 Mar. 1892. m. Ruth Neal Phillip 22 Jan. 19 18. 
ch.: Mary- Alice Westcott, Margaret Halvosa, Robert P. T., Jr., 
Richard N. d. Portland ME 20 Jan. 1955. 

Education: A.B. Bowdoin 191 5, A.M. Princeton 1916, A.B. Oxford 

Career History: Instructor, English, Wells College 1921-22, as- 
sistant prof essor 1922-24, associate professor 1924-26, professor 1926- 
34, Anna Adams Piutti Professor of English 1928-34; Pierce Professor 
of English, Bowdoin 1934-55; Katharine Lee Bates Poet, Wellesley 
1927, 193 1, 1935; Phi Beta Kappa Poet, Harvard 1932, Colby 1935, 
Tufts 1936, Hamilton College 1937; book review and poetry editor, 
Yankee 1937-39; Turnbull Memorial Poetry Lecturer, Johns Hopkins 
1938; Phi Beta Kappa Poet, University of Virginia 1938; Patten Foun- 
dation Lecturer, Indiana University 1942; Phi Beta Kappa Poet, Col- 
lege of William and Mary 1943; Sesquicentennial Poet, Bowdoin 
1944; teacher, Corpus Christi (TX) Fine Arts Colony 1948-54; 
George Elliston Professor of Poetry, University of Cincinnati 1951; 
Phi Beta Kappa Poet, Boston University 1949; Class of 1898 Lecturer, 
Haverford College 1953; Fulbright Lecturer, University of Athens 
Greece 1953-54. 

Career-Related Activities: Member, National Institute of Arts 
and Letters 1945-55; fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences 
1949-55; member, Alumni Council 1942-45. 

War Service: Served to second lieutenant, U.S. Army 1917-19. 

Honors and Awards: Phi Beta Kappa; Rhodes Scholar, Trinity 
College (Oxford) 1916-17, 1919-21; Litt.B. Oxford 1921, Litt.D. 
Bowdoin 1930, also University of Maine 1937; Gold Medal as Na- 
tional Honor Poet 1935; Golden Rose, New England Poetry Society 
1936; Pulitzer Prize for Poetry 1936; First Prize for Magazine Verse 
Writers, Poetry Society of America 1955. 

Pierce Professors 69 

Publications: Poet, author, Christchurch: Poems (1924), Book of 
Crowns & Cottages (essays 1925), Deiv and Bronze: Poems (1927), 
An Attic Room (essays 1929), Golden Falcon (poems 1929), Laud, 
Storm Center of Stuart England (biography 1930), The Dukes of 
Buckingham (biography 193 1), Portrait of an American (biography 
193 1 ), The Yoke of Thunder (poems 1932), Ballads of Square-Toed 
Americans (poems 1933), Lost Paradise (autobiography 1934), Red 
Sky in the Morning (novel 1935), Strange Holiness (poems 1935, 
Pulitzer Prize), John Dawn (novel 1936), Kennebec, Cradle of Amer- 
icans (historical 1937), Saltwater Farm (poems 1937), Maine Ballads 
(poems 1938), New Poetry of New England (lectures 1938), Cap- 
tain Abby and Captain John (biography 1939), Collected Poems 
(1939, new & enlarged edition 1948), Thomas-Thomas- An cil- 
Thomas (novel 1941), Book of Uncles (essays 1942), The Substance 
That Is Poetry (lectures 1942), There Will Be Bread and Love (poems 
1942), Primer for America (poems 1 943), Mainstays of Maine (essays 
1944), Poems for a Son with Wings (1945), People Behave Like Bal- 
lads (poems 1946), Yankee Coast (essays 1947), Coast Calendar (es- 
says 1949), One-Horse Farm (poems 1949), The Third Hunger, and 
The Poem Aloud (lectures 1949), Apples by Ocean (poems 1950), 
Maine Doings (essays 1950), Life in America: New England (1951), 
On the Green Carpet (essays 1951 ), Sir Isaac Coffin, Admiral & 
Prophet (biography 1951), Hellas Revisited (poems 1954); compiler, 
with Alexander M. Witherspoon, A Book of Seventeenth-Century 
Prose (1929, revised 1946). 

Louis Osborne Coxe 

b. Manchester NH 15 April 1918. m. Edith Winsor 28 June 1946. 
ch.: Robert, Louis, Charles, Helen, r. Brunswick ME. 

Education: A.B. Princeton 1940. 

Career History: Teacher, Brooks School, North Andover MA 
1940-42; instructor, English, Princeton 1946; teacher, Lawrenceville 
(NJ) School 1946-48; Briggs-Copeland Fellow, Harvard 1948-49; 
assistant, then associate professor, University of Minnesota 1949-55; 
professor, English, Bowdoin 1955-56, Pierce Professor of English 
1956- ; lecturer, American literature, Trinity College, Dublin 

70 Named Professorships at Boivdoin College 

1959-60; visiting professor, Princeton 1961-62; University of Aix- 
Marseilles (France) 1970-71. 

Career-Related Activities: Member, Poets, Playwrights, Editors, 
Essayists, and Novelists; Dramatists Guild; Authors' League of Amer- 
ica; trustee, NY School of Interior Design; lecturer. 

War Service: Served to lieutenant, U.S. Navy 1942-46. 

Honors and Awards: Sewanee Review Fellow 1955, Fulbright Fel- 
low 1959-60, 1970-71; Vachel Lindsay Prize i960, Brandeis Creative 
Arts Award 1961, Borestone Mountain Poetry Award 1963, Maine 
State Commission on Arts and Humanities Award 1972. 

Publications: Author, The Sea Faring (1947), The Second Man 
(1955), The Wilderness (1958), The Middle Passage (i960), 
The Last Hero (1965), Billy Budd (play, with Robert Chapman 
1952), Nikal Seyn and Decoration Day (1966), Edwin Arlington 
Robinson: The Life of Poetry (1969), Birth of a State (1970); editor, 

William Nelson Cromwell 

Professor of Constitutional and International 

Law and Government 

Established 1949 

WILLIAM NELSON CROMWELL, a successful and na- 
tionally respected New York lawyer, established the pro- 
fessorship which bears his name as a gesture of admiration for the 
College which produced many of the men who worked for and 
with his law firm. Henry Pierce (pp. 66-67) was one °f those 

Born in 1854, Cromwell rose quickly to prominence in the 
galvanic world of legal affairs in New York. Early in the 1900s 
he became a partner of the Wall Street firm of Sullivan and Crom- 
well. He specialized in international and corporate law, organizing 
such companies as United States Steel and representing the 
United States in the transfer of the Panama Canal to this country. 
His work earned him great recognition abroad, including the 
Grand Croix de la Legion d'Honneur France. 

The William Nelson Cromwell Chair was provided for in his 
estate upon his death in 1948. It is Bowdoin's only chair designed 
essentially for prelaw study. 

Established by Governing Boards Vote 64-1949. Current fund 
balance: $252,760. 

Cromwell Professors 


Athern Park Daggett 

b. Springfield MO 10 Jan. 1904. Great-grandson of Elijah A. (Medi- 
cal School Class of 1833). m. Catherine J. Travis 4 Sept. 1936. ch.: 


72 Named Professorships at Boivdoin College 

William, Ellen (Mrs. Jack) Glatter. d. Portland ME 20 Jan. 1973. 

Education: A.B. Bowdoin 1925; A.M. Harvard 1928, also Ph.D. 

Career History: Instructor, English, Lafayette 1925-27; history, 
government, Bowdoin 1930-31; political science, Dartmouth 1931— 
32; adjunct professor, political science, Randolph-Macon Women's 
College 1932; instructor, history, government, Bowdoin 1932-33, 
English 1933-34, assistant professor, English, government 1934-36, 
assistant professor, government 1936-40, associate professor 1940-46, 
professor 1946-51, William Nelson Cromwell Professor of Constitu- 
tional and International Law and Government 1951-73, acting presi- 
dent 1967-68; visiting professor, Brown 1948-49; visiting professor, 
Columbia 1953 (summer). 

Career-Related Activities: Faculty representative, Bowdoin 
Alumni Council 1936-39; member, executive committee, American 
Society of International Law 1940-43; Region 1 Selection Committee, 
Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Awards; American Political 
Science Association; president, New England Political Science As- 
sociation 1956-57; director, World Affairs Council of Maine; trustee, 
Bangor Theological Seminary 1950-70; lecturer, contributor. 

Honors and Awards: Phi Beta Kappa, LL.D. Bowdoin 1969; Bruns- 
wick Distinguished Service Award 1969; main lounge of Wentworth 
Hall named in his memory 1 97 3 . 

Richard Ernest Morgan 

b. Philipsburg PA 17 May 1937. m. Eva M. Corliss 19 June 1959. 
r. North Harpswell ME. 

Education: A.B. Bowdoin 1959; A.M. Columbia 1961, also Ph.D. 

Career History: Instructor, government, Columbia 1962-63, 
1965-67, assistant professor 1967-68; fellow, law and government, 
Harvard Law School 1968-69; associate professor, Bowdoin 1969-75, 
William Nelson Cromwell Professor of Constitutional and Interna- 
tional Law and Government 1975- . 

Career-Related Activities: Member, American Political Science 

Cromwell Professors 7 3 

Association, Southern Political Science Association, Law and Society 
Association; chairman, Special Commission on Legislative Compensa- 
tion of the State of Maine 1973-74; consultant, Center for Research 
and Education in American Liberty, Columbia University and Teach- 
ers College 1965-68; director, Twentieth Century Fund Project on 
Political Surveillance in America 1976-77. 

Honors and Awards: Phi Beta Kappa, Woodrow Wilson Fellow- 
ship 1959, U.S. Steel Fellowship 1961, Brookings Institution Research 
Fellowship 1962. 

Publications: Author, The Politics of Religious Conflict (1969), 
The Supreme Court and Religion (1972); contributor, The Third- 
Branch of Government (1963), The Supreme Court Review (1973), 
professional and academic journals; editorial consultant. 

Charles Weston Pickard 
Professor of Chemistry 

Established 1952 

CHARLES WESTON PICKARD, born in Lewiston in 
1836, was one of four brothers to graduate from Bowdoin. 
A member of the Class of 1857, he received the M.A. in i860 after 
teaching for several years at Platteville Academy in Wisconsin. 
(His brother, Josiah Little Pickard of the Class of 1844, was 

Charles Pickard returned to Maine in i860 and began a career 
of forty-eight years as business manager and ultimately an owner 
of the Portland Transcript, a leading Maine weekly newspaper. 
He died in Portland in 1908. President Hyde described him as a 
man who "united the practical sense of the man of affairs with 
the cultured tastes of the scholar." From 1896 to 1908 he served 
the College as an overseer, as his father had before him. 

His son, Frederick William Pickard of the Class of 1894, es- 
tablished the Charles Weston Pickard Chair as a memorial to his 
father. Frederick, in turn, was an overseer from 1923 to 1928 and 
a trustee until his death in 1952. He and his wife, Jane Coleman 
Pickard, have made many gifts to the College. Their son, John 
Coleman Pickard of the Class of 1922, was also a generous 
benefactor of the College. 

The Charles Weston Pickard Chair is a tribute to the man who 
advanced one of Bowdoin's greatest assets — the Pickard family 
— through three college generations. It also indirectly honors the 
Little family of Lewiston- Auburn to which Charles Pickard be- 
longed (his mother Hannah was a daughter of Edward Little). 

Though voted to support a teacher of chemistry or modern 
language, the professorship has been solely the province of the 
Department of Chemistry since its inception. 


Pickard Professors 7 5 

Established by Governing Boards Vote 8-1952. Current fund 
balance: $448,203. 

Pickard Professors 


William Campbell Root 

b. Grass Valley CA 26 Oct. 1903. m. Pauline Dikeman 16 April 1932. 
d. Brunswick ME 13 June 1969. 

Education: B.S. University of California at Berkeley 1925; A.M. 
Harvard 1927, also Ph.D. 1932. 

Career History: Instructor, chemistry, Bowdoin 1932-34, assis- 
tant professor 1934-39, associate professor 1939-46, professor 1946- 
52, Charles Weston Pickard Professor of Chemistry 1952-69, emeritus 

Career-Related Activities: Fellow, Royal Anthropological In- 
stitute; member, American Association for the Advancement of 
Science, American Anthropological Association, American Chemical 
Society (Maine Section, frequently chairman), Society for American 
Archaeology, Sigma Xi; contributor, articles on metallurgy, archae- 
ology, chemistry. 

Honors and Awards: Phi Beta Kappa; James Flack Norris Award 
for Outstanding Achievement in the Teaching of Chemistry, Ameri- 
can Chemical Society 1968; William C. Root Cup established by 
Theta Delta Chi 1943; William C. Root Memorial Fund (for support 
of the Chemistry Department) established 1972. 

1952— 1969 

Samuel Edward Kamerling 

b. Paterson NJ 14 Nov. 1903. m. Helen Frances Hawes 9 July 1932. 
ch.: Mary C. (Mrs. Oliver E.) Allyn, Clara H. (Mrs. Eric S.) Flower, 
r. Brunswick ME. 

Education: B.S. New York University 1926, also M.S. 1927; Ph.D. 
Princeton 1932. 

Career History: Research assistant, Harvard 1930-32; Rockefeller 

j 6 Named Professorships at Bonjodoin College 

Institute, New York NY 1932-34; assistant professor, chemistry, 
Bowdoin 1934-39, associate professor 1939-46, professor 1946-52, 
Charles Weston Pickard Professor of Chemistry 1952-69, emeritus 
1969- ; visiting professor, M.I.T. 1950-51, Yale 1957-58. 

Career-Related Activities: Past chairman, Maine Section, Ameri- 
can Chemical Society; fellow, American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science; contributor. 

Honors and Awards: Phi Beta Kappa; Alumni Award for Faculty 
and Staff 1967; James Flack Norris Award for Outstanding Achieve- 
ment in the Teaching of Chemistry, American Chemical Society 1968. 


Dana Walker Mayo 

b. Bethlehem PA 20 July 1928. m. O. Jeanne d'Arc Mailhot 12 Jan. 
1962. ch.: Dana, Chapman, Sara. r. Brunswick ME. 

Education: B.S. M.I.T. 1952, Ph.D. Indiana University 1959. 

Career History: Teaching assistant, University of Pennsylvania 
1952; research chemist, polychemicals department, DuPont, Wilming- 
ton DE 1952; research assistant, Indiana 1953-55, 1959, University 
Fellow 1956-57; postdoctoral research associate, spectroscopy labora- 
tory, M.I.T. 1959-60, National Institute of Health postdoctoral fellow 
and fellow, school for advanced study, M.I.T. 1960-62; assistant pro- 
fessor, chemistry, Bowdoin 1962-65, associate professor 1965-68, 
professor 1968-70, Charles Weston Pickard Professor of Chemistry 
1970- , chairman, Department of Chemistry 1969-75, director, 
summer course in infrared spectroscopy applications 1972- ; visiting 
lecturer, M.I.T. 1962-71; special NIH research fellow, University of 
Maryland 1967, 1969-70, lecturer, Raman Institute (University of 
Maryland) 1970-73; visiting scientist, Ministry of Defense, Explosive 
Research and Development Establishment, Waltham Abbey, Essex 
England 1975. 

Career-Related Activities: Member, American Chemical So- 
ciety, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Chemi- 
cal Society (London), Society for Applied Spectroscopy, Coblentz 
Society, Society of Chemical Industry (London); chairman, Maine 
Section of American Chemical Society 1973; program committee, 

Pickard Professors jj 

Fourth International Meeting on Raman Spectroscopy, Bowdoin 
1974; consultant, Wright Air Development Division (USAF), Scott 
Paper Co., Keyes Fibre Co., Sadder Research Laboratory; board of 
editors, Optics and Spectroscopy (Raman newsletter); contributor, 
articles to academic and technical journals. 

Henry Johnson 
Professor of Art and Archaeology 

Established 1958 

C T HAVE met many scholars in my day . . . but no one I ever 
X knew had higher ideals of scholarship, nor with anyone else 
was learning more part and parcel of the man himself." 

The man of whom President Sills spoke in 19 18 was Professor 
Henry Johnson. Born in Gardiner in 1855, Johnson was a Phi 
Beta Kappa member of the Class of 1874. He studied in Germany 
and France in the mid- 1870s, received the A.M. degree from 
Bowdoin in 1877 and a Ph.D. from the University of Berlin in 
1884. In 1877 he became an instructor of modern languages at 
Bowdoin, advancing in 1 882 to the Chair of Longfellow Professor 
of Modern Language, which he held for thirty-six years. He was 
also librarian, curator of the growing art collections, and director 
of the Museum of Fine Arts. 

During his Bowdoin career, Johnson attained an international 
reputation as an editor and translator of Schiller, Shakespeare, 
Heredia, and Dante. His life's work, a translation of The Divine 
Comedy, won acclaim throughout the literary world. He also 
wrote two volumes of poetry, Where Beauty Is (1898) and The 
Seer ( 1910) . He received an honorary doctor of literature degree 
from Bowdoin in 1914. 

In 1 88 1 Johnson married Frances Maria Robinson of Thomas- 
ton, the first graduate of Wellesley College. One of their two 
daughters, Helen, married Stanley Chase of the Class of 1905, a 
professor of English at Bowdoin and builder of the Chase Barn 

In 1958, the combined bequests of Johnson's wife, daughter 
Flelen, and son-in-law created a fund for the Henry Johnson 
Chair of Art and Archaeology. The chair assures continuing care 


Johnson Professor 79 

of the College's art collection, to which Henry Johnson devoted 
a large part of his life. 

Established by Governing Boards Vote 12-1958. Current fund 
balance: $362,447. 

Johnson Professor 


Philip Conway Beam 

b. Dallas TX 7 Oct. 1910. m. Frances Merriman 8 Aug. 1939. ch.: 
Christopher, Rebecca, r. Brunswick ME. 

Education: A.B. Harvard 1933, also A.M. 1943, Ph.D. 1944; studied 
University of London 1936. 

Career History: Assistant to the director, William Rockhill Nel- 
son Art Gallery, Kansas City MO 1933-36; instructor, art, Bowdoin 
1936-39, assistant professor 1939-46, associate professor 1946-49, 
professor 1949-58, Henry Johnson Professor of Art and Archaeology 
1958- , Summer Institute on American Paintings 1974, director, 
Bowdoin Museum of Art 1939-64, curator, Winslow Homer Collec- 
tion (Bowdoin) 1967- ; visiting professor, Wesleyan i960, 1969 
(summers), University of Vermont; lecturer, Shelburne (VT) Mu- 
seum 1967, 1970 (summers). 

Career-Related Activities: Member, Maine Art Commission 
1946-52 (chairman 1951-52), College Art Association, New England 
Council of the American Association of Museum Directors, Ameri- 
can Association of Museums, American Association of University 
Professors; Board of Governors, Portland Art Museum 1945-50; 
Board of Corporators, Ogunquit (ME) Art Museum 1956-73, trustee 
1973- ; patron, Maine Art Festival 1960-61. 

Publications: Author, The Language of Art (1958), The Art of 
John Sloan (1962), Winslow Homer at Pr out's Neck (1966), Wins- 
low Homer (1972), Winslow Homer (1975); editor and author, 
Visual Dictionary of Art (New York Graphic Society 1974); con- 
tributor, museum catalogues, Dictionary of the Arts (1944), Ameri- 
can Peoples Encyclopedia (1968), The World of Winslow Homer 
(1966), The World of John Singleton Copley (1969). 

George Lincoln Skolfield, Jr. Professor 

Established 1958 

SKOLFIELDS have lived in the Brunswick-Harpswell area of 
Maine since early in the eighteenth century, building and 
sailing ships. George L. Skolfield, Jr. carried family tradition into 
the mechanized twentieth century and out to the west coast. 

Born in 1890 and raised in Brunswick, Skolfield was a graduate 
of the Bowdoin Class of 19 1 3, distinguishing himself as an athlete. 
After two years studying engineering at M.I.T., he joined a 
Chester, Pennsylvania, shipbuilding firm, married Mary Gardner 
Brooks (sister of a Bowdoin fraternity brother), and six years 
later, in San Pedro, California, became a vice president of Merritt, 
Chapman, and Scott, one of the world's leading marine engineer- 
ing firms. In 1935 he established his own business. He died in 194 1. 

Funds for the George Lincoln Skolfield, Jr. chair were pro- 
vided by the trust of his aunt, Mrs. Lydia Skolfield Turner, who 
sought to perpetuate the memory of the Skolfield family as em- 
bodied in her nephew. The bequest did not specify the discipline 
to be served by the chair. Thus the Governing Boards allocated 
a portion of the general fund's income for support of a Skolfield 
professor who may teach in any department. 

Established by Governing Boards Vote 36-1958. Not funded. 

Skolfield Professor 


Albert Abrahamson 

b. Portland ME 4 Nov. 1905. r. Brunswick ME. 
Education: A.B. Bowdoin 1926, A.M. Columbia 1927. 

* Professor Abrahamson's retirement, effective at the end of the 1975-76 
academic year, has been announced. 


Skolfield Professor 8 1 

Career History: Instructor, economics, Bowdoin 1928-30, as- 
sistant professor 1930-36, associate professor 1936-47, professor 
1947-59, George Lincoln Skolfield, Jr., Professor of Economics 
1959-76, dean of the faculty 1969-70; economist, President's Cabinet 
Commission on Price Policy, Washington DC 1934-35; Maine Works 
Progress Administration administrator 1935-37; executive director, 
Jewish Occupational Council, New York NY 1939-40, executive 
director, National Refugee Service New York NY 1941-43; assistant 
executive director, War Refugee Board, Washington DC 1944-45, 
special assistant to U.S. Secretary of Labor 1945-46; special consultant 
to the chairman, National Security Resources Board 1950; consultant, 
President's Materials Policy Commission 1951; senior staff associate, 
science resources planning, National Science Foundation, Washing- 
ton DC 1964-65; consultant, National Science Foundation 1968. 

Career-Related Activities: Economist, United Jewish Appeal 
1955; member, Maine Panel of Mediators 1957-63, Maine Economic 
Advisory Board 1959-63; chairman, Maine Advisory Commission, 
U.S. Commission on Civil Rights 1958-60; consultant, National Man- 
power Commission 1955-62, National Science Foundation 1965-70; 

War Service: Served as private, Army 1943-44. 

Honors and Awards: Phi Beta Kappa, Sc.D. Bowdoin 197 1, 
Alumni Award for Faculty and Staff 1969. 

Harrison King McCann 
Professor of Oral Communication 
within the Department of English 

Established i960 

ON January 1, 191 2, less than ten years after his graduation 
from Bowdoin College, Harrison King McCann started the 
McCann Company, an advertising agency. He was 3 1 years old 
and had about $5,000 in capital. Within three years, the company 
had offices on the West Coast and in Canada; in just over a decade 
it was an international operation with branches in Western Eu- 
rope and nearly every major American city. 

When McCann retired as active chairman of the board of the 
McCann-Erickson Company in 1959, he had guided his firm to 
prominence in one of the most fiercely competitive areas of Amer- 
ican business. Like Frank Munsey in the publishing world, Mc- 
Cann was a self-made Maine man. 

Born in Westbrook in 1880, he entered Bowdoin in 1898. He 
was editor of The Quill, a member of the Economics Club, and 
several musical groups. With Bowdoin classmate Harvey Dow 
Gibson, who later joined him as a benefactor of the College, he 
worked after graduation for the telephone company. He was 
also employed briefly by Standard Oil Company before starting 
his own business. 

Harrison McCann was involved with Bowdoin all his life. He 
was president of the New York Alumni Association from 1 9 1 7 to 
19 1 8, a member of the Alumni Council from 192 1 to 1924, an 
overseer, beginning in 1923, for thirty years, and vice president. 
In 1942 he was awarded an honorary master of arts degree and 
was praised by President Sills as "one who embodies Bowdoin 
character and Bowdoin charm." 

In i960, two years before the automobile accident which 

McCann Professors 83 

claimed him and his wife of twenty-three years, he endowed the 
Harrison King McCann Professorship of Oral Communication, 
convinced from his business career that the ability to think and 
talk on one's feet was an invaluable asset. 

Established by Governing Boards Vote 3 1-1960. Current fund 
balance: $223,997. 

McCann Professors 

i960— 1969 

Albert Rudolph Thayer 

b. Torrington CT 28 Dec. 1898. m. Constance Colwill 13 June 193 1. 
ch.: Marjorie Ann (Mrs. Paul) Fernald, Eleanor (Mrs. Joel H.) Hup- 
per. r. Brunswick ME. 

Education: A.B. Bowdoin 1922, A.M. Emerson 1943; studied Har- 
vard Law School 1925, Columbia 1935-37, Johns Hopkins 1930 
(summer), University of Wichita 1954-55. 

Career History: Instructor, English, Lafayette 1922-24; Bowdoin 
1924-25; head, Department of English, Woodmere Academy 1926- 
39 j instructor, English, Bowdoin 1939-40, assistant professor 1940- 
46, associate professor 1946-49, professor, speech (Department of 
English) 1949-60, Harrison King McCann Professor of Oral Com- 
munication 1960-69, emeritus 1969- ; professor, University of 
Maine 1973-76. 

Career-Related Activities: Faculty member, Alumni Council 
1962-65; member, New England Speech Association (past president), 
legislative assembly, Speech Correction Association, New England 
Forensic Council (past president), Eastern Speech Association; 
trustee, Bridge Academy (past president of the board); director, 
Bowdoin Summer Speech Workshops for Teachers, Bar Harbor ME; 
lecturer, author, contributor. 

Awards: Fellowship, Institute of Logopedics 1954. 

Barbara Jeanne Kaster 
b. El Paso TX 27 June 1934. ch.: Kimberly. r. Brunswick ME. 

84 Named Professorships at Boivdoin College 

Education: A.B. Texas Western College 1957, M.Ed. University 
of Texas at El Paso 1966, Ph.D. University of Texas at Austin 1970; 
studied Northwestern University 1952-54, Indiana University 1968. 

Career History: Teacher, El Paso public schools 1957-66; assis- 
tant professor, speech, University of South Florida 1966-67; teaching 
associate, speech and communication, Indiana University 1967-68; 
University of Texas 1968-70; assistant professor, speech, theater, 
Florida Atlantic University 1970-73; associate professor, Bowdoin 
1973- , Harrison King McCann Professor of Oral Communication 

J975- • 

Career-Related Activities: Committee chairperson, Speech Com- 
munication Association and Southern Communication Association; 
president, Dunster Films; contributor to journals and textbooks. 

Films Produced and Directed: Making Policy, Not Coffee (1972), 
Flo! (1975); three television productions. 

Professor of Economics 

Established 1969 

WARREN BENJAMIN CATLIN was 18 years old in 
1899 when he signed a teacher's contract in his native 
Nebraska, agreeing to teach school for thirty-five dollars a month 
and to "do the janitor work." As author, professor, and nationally 
known economist in subsequent years, he retained those traits of 
industry, practicality, and humility which won him acclaim and 
enabled him to leave to Bowdoin in 1968 a bequest of nearly two 
million dollars. 

Born in 1881 in Nemaha, Nebraska, Catlin graduated from 
the state university in 1903, taught high school in Iowa for three 
years, then studied economics and sociology at Columbia Uni- 
versity for another three years. In 19 10, after a year of instructing 
these disciplines at Cornell, he came to Bowdoin as assistant pro- 
fessor and assumed the Daniel B. Fayerweather Chair of Eco- 
nomics and Sociology in 191 2, a position he held for forty years. 

Catlin belonged to many national economic organizations dur- 
ing his career, including the Regional War Labor Board of which 
he was a public panel member for two years. He lectured in Maine 
during the 1920s on the problems of taxation, the legitimacy of 
divorce, and the merits of legislation restricting the number of 
hours women and children could work. 

A humanitarian, an idealist, a "Christian gentleman," he was 
honored as "Citizen of the Year" in 1964 by the Town of Bruns- 
wick, which he served in various capacities for fifty years. 

In 1926 his Labor Problems in the United States and Great 
Britain was published. Of his major work, The Progress of Eco- 
nomics: A History of Economic Thought (1962), one of his 
former students, economist and United States Senator Paul 


86 Named Professorships at Bowdoin College 

Douglas of the Class of 191 3, said, "Professor Catlin has crowned 
his extraordinarily useful lifetime of teaching at Bowdoin by this 
eminently scholarly work." 

He also coedited the Yearbook of American Labor and wrote 
dozens of reviews and articles for journals, encyclopedias and 

Catlin died in Brunswick in the summer of 1968, leaving the 
bulk of his $1.8 million estate to Bowdoin. He made no legal re- 
strictions on the College's use of the bequest, but expressed some 
hopes for its use — among them the funding of an Adams-Catlin 
Professorship, named in honor of his mother and father who had 
rigorously worked the family farm in Nebraska. The chair was 
officially created in 1969, and, like the trees planted on the upper 
Brunswick mall, is a lasting memorial to him. 

Established by Governing Boards Vote 57-1969. Fund: 
$30,000 annually from a fund of $2,064,003. 

Adams-Catlin Professor 


William Davis Shipman 

b. Glen Ellyn IL 15 Nov. 1925. m. Alison Morse 12 Feb. 1955. ch.: 
Hugh, Jane. r. Brunswick ME. 

Education: A.B. University of Washington 1949, A.M. University 
of California at Berkeley 1950, Ph.D. Columbia i960. 

Career History: Price economist, Office of Price Stabilization, 
Seattle WA 1951-52; investment analyst, Brown Brothers Harriman 
& Co., New York NY 1953-57; instructor, economics, Bowdoin 
1957-59, assistant professor 1959-64, associate professor 1964-69, 
Adams-Catlin Professor of Economics 1969- ; research professor in 
economics, Brookings Institution 1962-63; distinguished foreign 
visitor, University of Cambridge, England 1966-67. 

Career-Related Activities: Consultant to state and federal gov- 
ernment agencies; member, American Economic Association, Eco- 
nomic History Association; trustee, Brunswick Savings Institu- 
tion 1965- . 

Adams-Catlin Professor 87 

War Service: Served as private, Army 1943-46. 

Publications: Author, An Inquiry into the High Cost of Electri- 
city in New England (1962), Alternative Proposals for Electric 
Power Development in Maine (1964), The Early Architecture of 
Bowdoin College and Brunswick, Maine (1961, 1973); An Energy 
Policy for the State of Maine (with Carl Veazie 1973), unpublished 
manuscript, Road-Rail Competition and British Transport Policy 
( 1 967 ) ; contributor. 

♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦ » ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦»♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦»♦♦♦♦-♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

William R. Kenan, Jr. Professor 

Established 197$ 

THE most recent professorship established at Bowdoin 
honors William R. Kenan, Jr., a distinguished chemist, en- 
gineer, industrialist, bank director, farmer and philanthropist. 

Born in 1872 in Wilmington, N. C, he graduated in 1894 f f o m 
the University of North Carolina. In 1 892-93 he was an instructor 
in general chemistry and in 1894-95 he taught mathematics and 
science at St. Albans in Radford, Va. He began his career in 
private business later that year by assisting General Electric Com- 
pany install the first steam and electric plant in Chapel Hill, N. C. 
As codiscoverer of the fact that acetylene gas could be made 
from calcium carbide, Kenan went on to become the chemical 
superintendent for a subsidiary of the Union Carbide Company, 
which sent him to Australia, Germany, and various states of the 
Union to develop electric carbide plants. 

In the early 1900s, he managed the construction of several 
sulphite plants for paper companies and joined his brother-in-law 
Henry Flagler in developing several east coast Florida enterprises 
which became known as the Flagler System Companies. They 
ranged from hotels and railways to newspaper publishing firms 
and land grant companies. At various times he was president of 
most of them. Kenan also owned an interest in a tackle block 
manufacturing company, Western Block Co., Lockport, N. Y., 
advancing in 1963 to chairman of the board. In 1945, he became 
chairman of the board of the Niagara County Bank and Trust 
Company in Lockport. 

In later years, Kenan devoted much energy and interest to 
Randleigh Farm, his experimental dairy farm of Jersey cattle 
which became a research station for agricultural scientists. He 
wrote the History of Randleigh Farm (1935), which became a 


Kenan Professor 89 

textbook for dairy breeders and scientists. It passed through seven 

Married but childless, Kenan managed a family fortune which 
exceeded $300 million. He contributed millions of dollars during 
his life to educational institutions and community causes. In 1 944 
he received an honorary doctor of laws degree from the Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, and in 1955 he was made an honorary 
member of its Phi Beta Kappa chapter. 

The William R. Kenan Charitable Trust was created in 1965 
by Kenan's will, in which he wrote: "I have always believed 
firmly that a good education is the most cherished gift an in- 
dividual can receive and it is my sincere hope that the provisions 
of this Article will result in a substantial benefit to mankind." 

In establishing the $700,000 endowment fund the trustees said 
they wish "to support and encourage a scholar-teacher whose 
enthusiasm for learning, commitment to teaching and sincere per- 
sonal interest in students will enhance the learning process and 
make an effective contribution to Bowdoin College's under- 


graduate community." 

Established by Governing Boards Vote 7-1975. Current fund 
balance: $700,000. 

Kenan Professor 


Edward Pols 

b. Newark Nj 1 Feb. 1919. m. Eileen M. Sinnott 17 Oct. 1942. ch.: 
Adrian, Cynthia, Elizabeth, Alison, Benet, Mary. r. Brunswick ME. 

Education: A.B. Harvard 1940, also A.M. 1947, Ph.D. 1949. 

Career History: Instructor, Princeton 1948-49; assistant professor, 
philosophy, Bowdoin 1949-55, associate professor, 1955-62, professor 
1962- , William R. Kenan, Jr., Professor of the Humanities 1975- , 
Fulbright research fellow, Italy 1965-66, 

Career-Related Activities: Member, Study Group on Founda- 
tions of Cultural Unity 1965-67. 

90 Named Professorships at Boivdoin College 

War Service: Served to first lieutenant, U.S. Army 1942-46, 
Bronze Star; Office of the Chief of Staff for Intelligence 1951-52. 

Publications: Author, The Recognition of Reason (1963), White- 
head's Metaphysics: A Critical Examination of Process and Reality 
(1967), Meditation on a Prisoner: Towards Understanding Action 
and Mind (1975); contributor, Of Poetry and Power (1964), Intellect 
and Hope (1968), The Anatomy of Knowledge (1969). 

Frank G. Tallman 
Lecture Fund 

Established 1928 

THE Tallman Lecture Fund, established in 1928 by Frank 
GifFord Tallman, serves as a professorship, though not in 
the conventional sense. 

Mr. Tallman, born in Iowa in i860, was a member of a family 
with strong and deep Bowdoin roots. Peleg Tallman was one of 
the original Overseers of the College, a position he held until his 
death in 1841. Frank Tallman began working for the E. I. duPont 
de Nemours Company in 1905 and rose rapidly in the firm's 
management through the first quarter of the century. A grant of 
$100,000 established the Tallman Lecture series, lectures "to be 
delivered by men selected by the Faculty either in this country 
or abroad." 

Through the years, the Tallman Fund has enabled Bowdoin 
undergraduates to be exposed to dozens of unique and eminent 
scholars from throughout the world. Mr. Tallman died in 1938, 
having earned for himself national recognition as a philanthropist. 
Fie was awarded an honorary master of arts degree by Bowdoin 
in 1935. President Kenneth C. M. Sills described him as "repre- 
sentative of that group of friends of the College without whose 
aid we could not possibly offer unusual educational opportunity." 

Tallman Professors 

Alban Gregory Widgery, A.M., Lecturer on the Philosophy of Reli- 
gion in the University of Cambridge. Visiting Professor of the 
Philosophy of Religion, 1928-29. 

Charles Gaston Eugene Marie Bruneau, Docteur-es-lettres, Pro- 
fessor of Romance Languages and Literature in the University of 
Nancy. Visiting Professor of French Literature, 1929-30. 

9 1 

92 Named Professorships at Boivdoin College 

Enrico Bompiani, Dottore in Mathematica, Professor of Mathe- 
matics in the University of Rome. Visiting Professor of Mathematics, 

Maurice Roy Ridley, A.M., L.H.D., Fellow and Tutor of Balliol Col- 
lege, University of Oxford. Visiting Professor of English Literature, 

Donald Baxter MacMillan, Sc.D., Visiting Professor of Anthropology , 

Stanley Casson, A.M., Fellow of New College and Reader in Classical 
Archaeology in the University of Oxford. Visiting Professor of Clas- 
sical Archaeology , 1933-34. 

Herbert von Beckerath, Doctor Rerum Politicarum, Professor of 
Political Economy in the University of Bonn. Visiting Professor of 
Economics, 1934-35. 

Arthur Hass, Ph.D., Professor of Physics in the University of Vienna. 
Visiting Professor of Physics, 1935-36. 

Wilder Dwight Bancroft, Ph.D., Sc.D., Professor of Physical Chemis- 
try in Cornell University . Professor of Chemistry, 1936-37. 

Robert Henry Lightfoot, A.M., D.D., Ireland Professor of Exegesis in 
the University of Oxford and Fellow of New College, University of 
Oxford. Visiting Professor of Biblical Literature, 1937-38. 

Frederick Chesney Horwood, M.A., Tutor and Lecturer in English 
Language and Literature in St. Catherine } s Society in the University 
of Oxford. Lecturer in English Literature, 1938-39. 

Moritz Julius Bonn, Dr. d. Staatswiss, Lecturer in the London 
School of Economics. Visiting Professor of Economics, 1939-40. 

Ernesto Montenegro, Lecturer in the National University of Chile. 
Lecturer on Latin-American Relations, 1940-41. 

Edgar Wardwell Mclnnis, A.M., Associate Professor of History in 
the University of Toronto. Visiting Professor of Canadian History, 

Yung-Ching Yang, LL.D., L.H.D., President of Soochow University. 
Visiting Professor of Chinese Civilization, 1942-43. 

Tallman Professors 93 

Herbert John Fleure, A.M., Sc.D., F.R.S., Professor of Geography in 
Manchester University. Visiting Professor of Geography, 1944-45. 

James Waddell Tupper, Ph.D., Litt.D., Professor of English Litera- 
ture, Emeritus, Lafayette College. Visiting Professor of English 
Literature, Spring 1948 Trimester. 

Emyr Estyn Evans, Sc.D., Professor of Geography, Queen's Univer- 
sity, Belfast. Visiting Professor of Geography, 1948-49. 

George Andrew Paul, M.A., Fellow, Tutor, and Praelector in Philoso- 
phy, University of Oxford. Lecturer in Philosophy , Spring 1951. 

Yi-pao Mei, Ph.D., L.H.D., LL.D., Dean of the College of Arts and 
Letters, Yenching University , Peking. Visiting Lecturer on Chinese 
Civilization and Philosophy, 1952-53. 

Ronald Perkins Bridges, A.M., L.H.D., Litt.D., D.D., Executive 
Chairman of the Protestant Radio, Film and Television Commission 
of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United 
States of America. Visiting Professor of Religion, Spring 1954. 

Balkrishna Govind Gokhale, Ph.D., Professor of History and Indian 
Cidture, Siddharth College, and Postgraduate Professor and Re- 
search Guide at the Bombay University, India. Visiting Professor 
on Indian History, 1954-55. 

Pedro Armillas, B.S., Professor de Ensenanza Tecnica Superior, Es- 
cuela Nacional de Antropologia, Mexico City. Visiting Lecturer on 
Archaeology, 1955-56. 

Charles Mitchell, B.A., M.A., B.Litt., Warburg Institute of the Uni- 
versity of London. Visiting Professor of the History of Art, Fall 

George Haddad, Ph.D., Syrian University, Damascus. Visiting Pro- 
fessor of Near East History and Culture, Fall 1957. 

William Matthew O'Neil, A.B., A.M., McCaughey Professor of Psy- 
chology, University of Sydney. Visiting Professor of the History of 
Science, Spring i960. 

Takamichi Ninomiya, B.A., Professor of English, Kobe University. 
Whitney -Fulbright Visiting Professor of the Japanese Language 
and Literature, Fall i960. 

94 Named Professorships at Boivdoin College 

Ole Myrvoll, dr. oecon., Professor of Economic Theory, Norwegian 
School of Economics and Business Administration, Bergen. Visiting 
Professor of Economics, Spring 1962. 

Rex Warner, Visiting Professor in Classical History and Literature, 

Alfred Maurice Taylor, M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Physics, University 
of Southampton. Visiting Professor of Physics, 1964-65. 

Mahadev Dutta, B.Sc, M.Sc., D.Phil. (Sc), Professor of Mathematics, 
North Bengal University. Visiting Professor of Mathematics, 1966- 

Howard Nemerov, A.B., L.H.D., Professor of English, Brandeis Uni- 
versity. Visiting Professor of English, Spring 1969. 

Michael Charles Hurst, M.A., Fellow and Tutor in Modern History 
and Politics, St. John's College, Oxford. Visiting Professor of His- 
tory, 1970-71. 

Ellis Ridgeway Lippincott, A.B., M.A., Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry, 
University of Maryland. Visiting Professor of Chemistry, Fall 1970. 

Lou Emma Holloway, A.B. (Tougaloo), A.M. (Denver), Visiting 
Associate Professor of History, Fall 1971. 

James Richmond, A.M., B.D., Ph.D. (Glasgow), Visiting Professor of 
Religion, Spring 1972. 

Mario Valenzuela, LL.B. (University of Chile), M.A. in law and so- 
cial science (University of Chile), Visiting Professor of Interna- 
tional Affairs, 1973-74. 

Paul S. Dorain, B.S. (Yale), Ph.D. (Indiana), Visiting Professor of 
Physics and Chemistry, Fall 1974. 

Wilfrid H. Mellers, A.B., B.Mus., A.M., D.Mus. (Birmingham), 
Visiting Professor of Music, Spring 1975. 

Spencer Apollonio, A.B. (Bowdoin), A.M. (Yale), Visiting Professor 
of Environmental Studies, Spring 1976. 

Sources Consulted 

Bowdoin College. "Henry Hill Pierce." Bowdoin Alumnus 14 
(March 1940): 6 §-66. 

. Governing Boards minutes, vol. 2 (1854-92), vol. 3 (1908). 

. Honoris Causa: Containing the Ascriptions Used by President 

Kenneth Charles Morton Sills, LL.D., in Awarding Honorary De- 
grees. Bowdoin College Bulletin, no. 290. Brunswick, 1948. 

. President's Report for 1948-1949. Bowdoin College Bulletin, 

no. 299. Brunswick, 1949. 

Burnett, Charles T. Hyde of Bowdoin. Boston and New York: Hough- 
ton Mifflin Co., 193 1. 

Cleaveland, Nehemiah, and Packard, Alpheus Spring. History of 
Bowdoin College. Boston: 1882. 

Dictionary of American Biography. 21 vols. New York: Charles 
Scribner & Sons: 1928-36. 

Hatch, Louis C. History of Bowdoin College. Portland: Loring Short 
& Harmon, 1927. 

Libby, John E., Merrill, Daphne W., and Skinner, Ralph B. Auburn 
1869-1969, 100 Years a City. Lewiston: Auburn History Commit- 
tee, 1968. 

Little, George T. Genealogy of the Little Family. Cambridge: 1877. 

National Cyclopedia of American Biography. Clifton, N. J.: J. T. 
White, 1 893-1974. 

Tuchman, Barbara. The Proud Tower. New York: MacMillan & Co., 

Wilder, Philip S. "May I Offer You a Chair?" Unpublished ms. of a 
speech given to the Town and College Club, Brunswick, March 25, 



The names of donors of chairs, persons for whom a chair is named, and oc- 
cupants of chairs are included in this index. In the case of faculty members, the 
name of the professorship follows in parentheses. 

Abrahamson, Albert (Skolfield), 80- 

Adams-Catlin Professor, 35, 86-87 

DeAlva Stanwood, 63-64 

Professors, 64-65 
Apollonio, Spencer (Tallman), 94 
Armillas, Pedro (Tallman), 93 

Bancroft, Wilder Dwight (Tallman), 

9 2 
Beam, Philip Conway (Johnson), 79 
Beckerath, Herbert von (Tallman) , 92 
Bell, Herbert Clifford Francis (Reed), 

Bompiani, Enrico (Tallman), 92 
Bonn, Moritz Julius (Tallman), 92 
Brackett, Cyrus Fogg (Josiah Little), 

Bridges, Ronald Perkins (Tallman), 93 
Frederic Willis (Longfellow), 19 
Herbert Ross (Edward Little), 15- 

Samuel Gilman (Stone), 23-24 
Bruneau, Charles Gaston Eugene Marie 
(Tallman), 91 

Callender, Guy Stevens (Fayer- 

weather), 32 
Campbell, Gabriel (Stone), 23 
Carmichael, Henry (Josiah Little), 7- 

Casson, Stanley (Tallman), 92 
Catlin, Warren Benjamin (Fayer- 

weather), 34-35, 85-86 

Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence (Ed- 
ward Little), 13 
Henry Leland (Edward Little), 14, 

5 2-5 3 
Professors, 53-55 
Chase, Stanley Perkins (Chapman), 

. 54 : ?8 

Christie, Dan Edwin (Wing), 40-41 
Coffin, Robert Peter Tristram 

(Pierce), 66, 68-69 

Elizabeth, 1 

Professors, 1-4 
Copeland, Manton (Josiah Little), 9 
Coxe, Louis Osborne (Pierce), 69-70 
Cram, Marshall Perley (Josiah Little), 


William Nelson, 71 

Professors, 71-73 

Daggett, Athern Park (Cromwell), 71- 

Dane, Nathan, II (Winkley), 29-30 
Dearborn, Sarah Bowdoin, vii, 18 
Dewing, Henry Bronson (Merrill), 

Donovan, John Chauncey (Alexan- 
der), 65 
Dorain, Paul S. (Tallman), 94 
Dutta, Mahadev (Tallman), 94 

Elliott, George Roy (Chapman), 53- 

Evans, Emyr Estyn (Tallman), 93 




Fairchild, Henry Pratt (Fayer- 

weather), 33-34 

Chair, 85 

Daniel Burton, 31-32 

Professors, 32-37 

George Taylor, 56 

Professors, 57-58 
Fleure, Herbert John (Tallman), 93 

Geary, Edward Joseph (Longfellow), 

Gokhale, Balkrishna Govind (Tall- 
man), 93 

Goodale, George Lincoln (Josiah Lit- 
tle), 6 

Gray, Charles Harold (Pierce), 67-68 

Gross, Alfred Otto (Josiah Little), 9- 

Haddad, George (Tallman), 93 
Hall, Lawrence Sargent (Chapman), 

Ham, Roscoe James (Files), 57 
Hammond, Edward Sanford (Wing), 

Hass, Arthur (Tallman), 92 
Helmreich, Ernst Christian (Reed), 

Hitchcock, Roswell Dwight (Collins), 

Holloway, Lou Emma (Tallman), 94 
Holmes, Cecil Thomas (Wing), 40 
Hormell, Orren Chalmer (Alexan- 
der), 64 
Horwood, Frederick Chesney (Tail- 
man), 92 
Houghton, William Addison (Wink- 
ley), 27 
Hurst, Michael Charles (Tallman), 94 
Hyde, William DeWitt (Stone), 1, 
2 4> 63, 74 

Jeppesen, Myron Alton (Josiah Lit- 
tle), 11 

Allen (Reed), 43-44 
Henry (Longfellow), 19, 78-79 
Professor, 79 

Kamerling, Samuel Edward (Pickardj , 

Kaster, Barbara Jeanne (McCann), 83- 

William R., Jr., 88-89 
Professor, 89-90 
Kendrick, Nathaniel Cooper (Mun- 

sey), 61-62 
Kirkland, Edward Chase (Munsey), 

Koelln, Fritz Carl (Files), 57-58 

Ladd, George Trumbull (Edward 
Little, Stone), 13-14, 23 

Lawton, William Cranston (Wink- 
ley), 26-27 

Levine, Daniel (Reed), 47-48 

Lightfoot, Robert Henry (Tallman), 

Lippincott, Ellis Ridgeway (Tallman), 

Edward, 12-13, 74 
Professors, 13-17 
Josiah, 5 
Professors, 6-1 1 
Professorship, viii 
Lucy J. Bliss, 1 2 

Noel Charlton (Josiah Little), 5, 
Livingston, Charles Harold (Longfel- 
low), 19-20 

Henry Wadsworth, vii, 18 
Professors, 19-21 
Lunt, William Edward (Reed), 44-45 

MacMillan, Donald Baxter (Tallman) , 

Mayo, Dana Walker (Pickard), 76-77 

9 8 



Harrison King, 82-83 

Professors, 83-84 
A'IcCrea, Roswell Cheney (Fayer- 

weather), 32-33 
Mcllwain, Charles Howard (Reed), 

Mclnnis, Edgar Wardwell (Tallman), 

9 2 
Means, Thomas (Merrill), 51 
Mei, Yi-pao (Tallman), 93 
Mellers, Wilfrid H. (Tallman), 94 

Joseph Edward, 49-50 

Professors, 50-51 

Professorship, 4 
Mitchell, Charles (Tallman), 93 
Mitchell, Wilmot Brookings (Edward 

Little), 15, 52 
Montenegro, Ernesto (Tallman), 92 
Moody, William Albion (Wing), 39 
Morgan, Richard Ernest (Cromwell), 

7 2 -73 

Frank Andrew, 59-60 

Professors, 60-62 
Myrvoll, Ole (Tallman), 94 

Nemerov, Howard (Tallman), 94 
Ninomiya, Takamichi (Tallman), 93 
Nixon, Paul (Winkley), 28-29 

O'Neil, William Matthew (Tallman), 

Packard, Alpheas Spring (Collins), 3- 

4, 5 
Paul, George Andrew (Tallman), 93 
Pease, Ernest Mondell (Winkley), 26 

Charles Weston, 74-75 

Professors, 75-77 

Henry Hill, 66-67 

Professors, 67-70 
Pols, Edward (Kenan), 80-90 

Redwine, James Daniel, Jr. (Edward 

Little), 17 

Thomas Brackett, 42-43, 63 

Professors, 43-48 
Richmond, James (Tallman), 94 
Ridley, Maurice Roy (Tallman), 92 
Riley, Matilda White (Fayerweather), 

Robinson, Franklin Clement (Josiah 

Little), 8 
Root, William Campbell (Pickard), 


Shipman, William Davis (Adams-Cat- 

lin), 86-87 
Sills, Kenneth Charles Morton (Wink- 
ley), 27-28, 56, 78, 82 

George Lincoln, Jr., 80 

Professors, 80-81 
Smyth, Egbert Coffin (Collins), 3 

Professor, 14 

Professors, 23-24 

Valeria, 22 
Storer, James Allen (Fayerweather), 

Stowe, Calvin Ellis (Collins), 1-2 


Frank Gifford, 91 

Professors, 91-94 
Taylor, Alfred Maurice (Tallman), 94 
Thayer, Albert Rudolph (McCann), 

Tupper, James Waddell (Tallman), 93 

Valenzuela, Mario (Tallman), 94 
Van Cleve, Thomas Curtis (Reed, 
Munsey), 46, 60 

Warner, Rex (Tallman), 94 
Wheeler, John Henry (Winkley), 26 
White, Charles Abiathar (Josiah Lit- 
tle), 7 



Whiteside, William Boiling (Mun- 

sey), 62 
Widgery, Alb an Gregory (Tallman), 

Isaac Henry, 38 
Professors, 39-41 


Henry, 25 

Professors, 26-30 
Woodruff, Frank Edward (Collins, 
Merrill), 4, 50 

Yang, Yung-Ching (Tallman), 92